The problem of discomfort in the stomach: the main reasons
It is possible that until now you thought, if such a nasty thing as bloating, is entirely dependent on our food with you. We decided to find out whether there are other reasons, because of which some people look like they are in the fifth month of pregnancy. Our question we addressed gastroenterologist at St. Mark's in London, Dr. Ayesha Akbar. And they understood that similar reasons may be several ...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
"Inflammatory bowel disease - a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis," - explains Ayesha Akbar. These unpleasant symptoms such as stomach pain, diarrhea, weight loss and anal bleeding can indicate the presence of a person of these diseases. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor. Inflammatory bowel disease can also cause bloating, especially if the patient has internal scarring from previous surgery or if he suffers from an excess of accumulated gas in the intestines.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
"The bodies of the digestive system are equipped with sensitive nerve endings, - explains Dr. Ayesha Akbar. - Therefore, irritable bowel syndrome indicates malfunctions of the system. " Patients suffering from this disease, typically complain of abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea or flatulence. In this case, irritable bowel syndrome can hardly be called a disease. It is believed that a major factor in the development of this ailment is stress, as the above symptoms are usually aggravated against the background of emotional stress during prolonged mental stress.
It turns out that drinking a day, eight needed by the body glasses of water, we are also helping ourselves to avoid bloating. "Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in the body slows down the digestive process, so excessive drinking reduces the likelihood of bloating, - explains gastroenterologist Ayesha Akbar. And he adds: - When the body tries to resist the effects of dehydration, he begins to retain fluid to compensate for the lack of it. " And the result is an ugly inflated belly.
Lack of sleep
Most people do not need to explain why lack of sleep is harmful to the human body. However, when you do not get enough sleep, you will not only become extremely irritable and intolerant to others throughout the following day. Unfortunately, lack of sleep negatively affects the digestive system. "With a lack of sleep in the blood enters the stress hormone cortisol - explains Ayesha Akbar. - Cortisol can disrupt the digestive system, causing such unpleasant symptoms such as bloating or constipation. "
"Premenstrual syndrome causes disturbances in the digestive system and affects the water retention in the body, so it is also sometimes leads to bloating," - says gastroenterologist. The discomfort can occur at any stage of the menstrual cycle, although some women have, in principle, do not face the unpleasant symptoms. "With an increase in the level of estrogen in a woman's cycle first days periodically suffer from bloating, which can be enhanced at the time of ovulation and as the accumulation of fluid in the body. Usually swelling takes place from the beginning of the critical days ", - explains Ayesha Akbar.
Food allergies and intolerance to certain foods
Food allergies and intolerance to certain types of food may lead to bloating. However, to recognize the products that cause discomfort, is not so simple. Based on experience, doctors have identified two of the most probable groups: dairy products and foods containing gluten. "Even people who have no predisposition to celiac disease (celiac disease), may from time to time suffer intolerance to gluten and, therefore, to deal with symptoms such as constipation or bloating," - explains gastroenterologist Ayesha Akbar. However, it should be possible to eliminate apples and avocados for a similar reason from the list of favorite foods.
"Constipation is still one of the most obvious causes of bloating, - said Dr. Ayesha Akbar. - Absence of the chair for several days leads to pain in the stomach discomfort, flatulence and gravity. " It is important to find out what the true cause of constipation. May blame the lack of fiber content in the food, dehydration, lack of physical activity, side effect from taking certain types of medication or stress.
too quick meal
Who among us has not been in such a situation! We are in a hurry, a snack on the go or simply can not resist the temptation when we are hungry and we are faced with a plate of delicious food. "When we are anxious, we swallow a large amount of air in the stomach so we accumulate sizable amounts of gases. Hence bloating ", - explains Dr. Ayesha Akbar.
The psychological strain and stress
Experts still debate about the impact of stress on the development of irritable bowel syndrome. "The fact that the gut contains a lot of nerve endings, so stress can be painful. But even if we are not talking about irritable bowel syndrome, prolonged stress is often a cause of bloating ", - said Dr. Ayesha Akbar.