Corinth Ship Canal - the narrowest in the world
• Corinth Ship Canal - the narrowest in the world
Corinth Canal - an amazing 6-kilometer shipping channel in Greece, which connects the Aegean and the Ionian Sea. Not every venture to swim here.
This non GK Ship Canal in Greece, Aegean connects the Saronic Gulf and the Gulf of Corinth Ionian seas. The name was in honor of the city of Corinth, located at the western extremity of the channel. channel operation began in 1893.
It is considered the narrow channel in the world to ship, because the channel width at sea level is 25 meters, and at the bottom of the sea - 21 meters. For example, a large dry cargo and ocean liners are certainly not pass, but the rest of the court, which fit in size, have a place to swim, accompanied by special boats - in order to avoid accidents.
The channel length of 6 km, the depth of 8 meters. The walls of the channel of natural origin, mainly of limestone, wall height reaches 76 meters.
Since ancient times, attempts were made to build a canal at that location. The first reference refers to VII century BC. e., when the Corinthian tyrant Periander, ranked among the seven sages of ancient Greece, tried to dig a waterway, but it stopped working. The reason for the termination of the works were Periander feared that due to the mismatch of levels of the Aegean and Ionian Seas possible flooding of land. According to another version, he was afraid to arouse the anger of the gods.
About the possibility of laying channel thought Demetrius I of Macedon in 307 BC. e. But he abandoned this idea when Egyptian engineers, whom he hired to carry out his plan, assured him that the water level in the Gulf of Corinth and in the Saronic Gulf is not the same, and if you dig a strip of land, water Gulf of Corinth will swing in the Saronic Gulf, will flood the whole area and wash away the neighboring islands.
Construction of the Corinth Canal was carried out over ten years (1881-1893) by two and a half thousand workers. August 7, 1893 a celebration to mark the opening of the Corinth Canal was arranged.
View from space:
Currently, the channel is partly lost its economic importance. Because of the narrowness of the waterway in it organized a reversible movement. After passage can not pass the large ocean-going vessels, the width of which is close to 20 meters.
large vessels pass channel in tow, as there is a risk of erosion of the walls. In the year through the channel are up to 15 000 ships.
But once on board the ship, passing through the narrow Corinth Canal, one can observe an incredibly exciting spectacle, because it seems that the 76-meter high wall of limestone is about closeness, both in science fiction films.