Extraction of salt in Ethiopia
• Salt production in Ethiopia
In Danakilskoy basin, located at -100 meters below sea level, on the surface of the salt lake is mined salt "antiquated" method. The lake itself is not visible. It hid under the seven-salt layer, in which you can safely ride in cars, both on the ice.
The salt is mined directly from the surface. Workers are divided into three categories. The first - waving axes with the curves ax and punched plate salt lake surface, measuring about 30 by 40 centimeters.
The second group of workers hew this salt on all sides and gives the correct square plates.
Third, loaded it all on the camel caravans. Hewn salt tiles standing in Mekele on the market about 10 rubles. Each camel carries about 40 such plates, ie, salts for 400 rubles. And he carries them more than a week before the salt market in Mekele.
The temperature of the day is greater than 50 degrees. This is the hottest place on Earth. The average annual temperature is 34 degrees here. And that given the fact that at night it drops to 20 degrees, that is, the day fries oh-she-she like.
Work absolute slave. Workers earn 200-300 rubles per 12-hour day. It begins at dawn and ends at sunset. Postpone money at a salary no matter what does not work and only enough to sustain life.
In this case, the workers are categorically against any equipment. Not allowed here diggers and lorries. They believe that if put here a technique that, firstly, the salt will be gone, and, secondly, they will not work and, therefore, without a livelihood ...