Sports and racing cars USSR
• The sports and racing cars USSR
In each country, where he once began to develop the automotive industry, this process was inseparably linked with the development of sports and racing cars. No exception, and the Soviet Union, where such machines are made throughout the country's history. Here are just some of the most interesting of those that appeared at the time.
1. Racing Gaza
The first Soviet race took place in 1937 at the Zhytomyr highway near Kiev. Participants competed on homemade cars collected on the basis of outdated GAZ-A with the old V4 engines. The foundation was laid, but the speed record of these races could not even hold on to a value set in the time of the Russian Empire.
This car was designed with three engineers of the Moscow plant named after Stalin in 1938 on the basis of the best at that time the Soviet ZIS-101. However, the choice for sports car was still not the best, because the one hundred and first weighed 2.5 tons. However, this did not stop the car like the top of the Soviet politburo.
substantially modified model of the Soviet sports car was named "Victory-Sport" and was made on the basis of the car GAZ. The car turned out incredibly easy, just 1.2 tonnes. Car accelerates to 190 km / h. Only five such cars were created.
This race car was the first Soviet car, built specifically for sporting events. I Went, incidentally, in the motorcycle engine, which is clocked it to 139.6 km / h. To achieve this performance was due to a significant weight reduction.
5. The Falcon-650
This car was designed after the war, together with German engineers. It was the first Soviet racing car class "Formula 2". It was created by the project engineers worked Auto-Union. Their racing cars conquered the European tracks before the war.
6. GAS Torpedo
The car is completely original design. Its teardrop-shaped bodywork was made of aircraft materials. Due to the weight of the machine was only 1.1 tons. Due to its exceptional aerodynamics, auto shows speed on the track at 191 km / h.
This turboraktivny Soviet car was built in 1954. The machine was equipped with an engine of the MiG-17, power 1000 horsepower. Maximum speed of the car reaches 700 km / h.
An attempt to "Muscovites" to create their own version of a sports car. As is the case with its predecessor, the car was too heavy, which prevented it from effectively competing with peers in the class, in spite of the powerful engine. However, after a thorough modernization and replacement of the engine to an even more powerful car still set a record speed of 210 km / h.