World of 40 years ago
• World 40 years ago
Let's see what it was and the world he lived exactly 40 years ago.
As usual, let's start with the policy. détente era was on the decline of, but even in this relatively quiet and peaceful time on the planet enough hotspots. Chief among them was the traditional "raging Middle East." Nevertheless, it is here in the 78th has been a long-awaited turnaround to a peaceful settlement.
In September 1978 at the summit in Camp David (suburban residence of the US President) Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin signed a preliminary peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. Jimmy Carter sealed "historic handshake", which has become almost the main media event in world politics in the year:
Most of the Arab countries and the Soviet Union strongly condemned the "Camp David deal", describing it as a betrayal of Sadat "common cause of struggle against Israeli aggression." According to the results of the agreement Egypt got back the Sinai Peninsula, and Sadat - a lethal dose of lead from the "Muslim Brotherhood" in 1981
Meanwhile, other parts of the world was shaken by civil wars, revolutions, coups, high-profile murders and other social upheavals.
In Italy it peaked terrible era, dubbed the "leaden years". Political instability and rampant terrorism. At the country psevdolevoradikalnaya struck terror group called the "Red Brigades", beyond which loomed the CIA donkey ears.
March 16 in an attack on a motorcade was kidnapped Aldo Moro, leader of the Christian Democratic Party, which put forward the idea of a "historic compromise" in power between right-wing forces and the Communists. Naturally, such views are the most popular politician in Italy could not like her transatlantic ally.
In exchange for the release of captive terrorists demanded the release of 13 prisoners "brigadiers", led by the founder of the group Renato Curcio. However, the Italian government after much debate and hesitation refused to negotiate.
May 9, 1978 in Rome, in the trunk of a red "Reno", parked in the center of the city, was found riddled with machine gun corpse of Aldo Moro:
April 27, 1978 in Afghanistan, there was a second revolution in five years. As a result of the military coup came to power, the left forces, pro-Soviet.
At the entrance to the presidential palace in Kabul, April 78-g
Tank units under the command of Aslam Vatanzhara fired Arg royal palace, where he was Dawood with all his family, the main ministry building of law enforcement agencies. The planes also attacked the main building of the palace.
Near the presidential palace in Kabul, the day after the April Revolution:
Head of State and the Prime Minister of Afghanistan became Nur Muhammad Taraki, who was soon going to kill "the main ally" Hafizullah Amin, who was soon going to kill the Soviet Special Forces. But this is the story of the next, in 1979.
In 1978 in Nicaragua to continue the initiated in the previous year, a full-scale civil war between pro-US puppet regime, and Somoza's troops "of the Sandinista National Liberation Front" (FSNO).
August 25, 1978 throughout the country began an uprising, in September FSLN forces wholly or partly held Managua, Leon, Masaya, Esteli. This drama will end only in victory of the Sandinistas in the next, in 1979.
Muchachos National Guard waiting for a counter-offensive during the revolution in Nicaragua, 1978
Among the events that shook the world in the 78th, one of the most terrible was the mass suicide in Guyana sectarians.
November 18, 1978 in Johnstown, the village communities of the religious organization "Peoples Temple", killing more than 900 people (among which among which there were about 270 children and one US congressman). Mass cyanide poisoning was made on the orders of leader Jim Jones community.
1978 was the sunset not only political "discharge", but also the whole of the Romantic era, "the legendary '70s", which took over from the late 1960s and developed the spirit of the "sexual revolution." Very soon begin conservative revenge 1980, but not yet the Western world.
In 1978, Rex Features style became more provocative and hyper-sexual:
Rex Features - the largest independent photo agency operative, a leading provider of topical picture stories for the global media.
German photographer, playboy and billionaire Gunter Zach with his girlfriend, model on the beach in Saint-Tropez, 1978
Models Queen clip shooting for the song Bicycle Race, 1978:
But Spesor Tunick then-foot under the table went to school! These trends affected not only the liberal Europe, but rather a conservative Catholic Latin America, where at that time almost everywhere ruled by the military and fascist regimes.
On Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro, a hot February 1978-th:
During the "emancipation" of the West tried to keep up with the most "advanced" socialist countries. I say not even a late Yugoslavia, thoroughly imbued with the culture of eroticism. I do not mean "the most cheerful barracks soc. camp "(Poland).
As you are such Jeansmode advertising in the "severe" of the GDR in 1978?
It is not that the GDR "gray overcoats and barbed wire", which is so like to show in American movies?
Of course, we can not ignore the events of the world of cinema-78. Francis Ford Coppola filmed landmark film "Apocalypse Now":
Exactly 40 years ago, one of the most famous space thriller was filmed. Sigourney Weaver in the movie "Alien" 1978:
The history of the 20th century it is impossible to imagine without the history of the car. 1978 model year was the last in America when polnorazmerniki reigned at the sites of car dealers:
Brochure Ford Pinto, 1978
Automotive capitalist parts of Europe during the 1970s worked like a "middle ground" between the American automobile industry and the socialist. On the one hand, appeared regularly new models, on the other - continued mass production of stamps 20-30-year-old "fresh." Some cult car lasted on the assembly line for 40 years or more (for example, "Bug" or 2cv).
By the end of the 1970 mass motorization reached the most developed countries of the Soviet bloc, although the range of the local automotive industry was rather "Spartan". Parking at the Carl Zeiss factory in Jena, East Germany, 1978 .:
Bulgaria meanwhile continued to collect Soviet famous car design early 1960s. Service and repair "Moskvich" in Sofia 1978:
It was only happy Tirana 78th still remains car-free:
I would like to elaborate on the cosmic history of the 78th, but the post, he, you know, there is not a rubber. Therefore, only one photo.
USA, Houston, Saturn 5, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 1978
IT-history in the people. Employees of Microsoft's December 7, 1978 g .:
Found Gates? Do you want to see, as it was 40 years ago, "plasma"? In 1978, the TV company General Electric with meter screen: