What could be bought for 1 ruble at different times
• What could be bought for 1 ruble at different times of
The Russian currency in circulation already at least eight centuries - evidenced by the Novgorod birchbark documents. But, of course, the real value of the national currency and its appearance varies greatly from era to era. Let's find out what you could buy on the ruble in different historical periods.
At the beginning of the XIII century Novgorod merchants were used in the calculation of the 200-gram silver bullion in the form of rods by sawing them in half if necessary. Although superficially resembled bullion currency of Kievan Rus, the hryvnia, in Novgorod they were called rubles.
Number of products that can be bought on the ruble, depend on the yield. For example, the 1314 year was hungry for Pskov: one Ruble released about 9, 5 liters rye (in Rus bulk goods sold by volume, not weight). In Novgorod, the prices were almost twice as low as - for the same ruble gave more than 15 liters of rye.
Of course, the market traded and prepared bread. In the XIV century baked loaf in the Novgorod market was worth about 15 cents. That is, on the ruble could buy six Covrig and get ten cents (about 20 grams of silver) deposit.
Apollinaris Vasnetsov - Novgorod bargaining
Pound ham in the same period was worth about 32 kopecks on the ruble that is a resident of Novgorod received a little more than a kilogram. Oil sold pots - by 60 cents per share, so that for the ruble would give you half the pot and putting ten cents.
In the XVII century the Russians (those who could afford it) tried to purchase products in bulk in such quantities as to have enough for a year. And not only to escape from hunger: poor harvest in the price of products increased, and part of the reserves could be profitably sell. In those years, four pounds of rye flour (one pud - 16, 3 kg) cost about 30 cents, which means that one ruble you weighed just 218 kilograms. Butter was more expensive - 60 cents per pud. Hence, at given Ruble 27 3 kg oil. In the same price we got along three major sturgeon or four-year bull.
Apollinaris Vasnetsov - Red Square in the 2nd half of the XVII century (1925)
Chicken was worth much less - only penny per head, Ruble - 100 living birds. We asked for a sheep from 12 to 18 cents, and the owner of the ruble, if desired, could become the owner of a herd.
On the same ruble fit wishing to dress up. Fur coat of sheepskin cost 30 cents, and of sable skins - 70 kopecks. Shirt diverged ten cents, boots (depending on the quality) - from 25 to 50 cents steam. Cap on her head - six to eight cents.
Inflation in the era of Catherine II, and after
In 1760 pood of grain on the market was worth 86 cents - for a Ruble weighed almost 19 kilograms. But after only 13 years for the same money they received only 7, 5 kilograms of bread, and after 15 years - only 2, 3 kilograms.
At the beginning of the reign of Catherine the Great on the ruble it could be a good idea to drink: a bucket of vodka of 12, 3 liters cost 85 cents, and hence on the ruble poured 14, 5 liters. However, later the price for vodka grew as well as grain.
Stagecoach to St. Petersburg-Moscow highway.
Another nice prospect for the owner of the ruble in those years - to travel. For one ruble anyone could travel 100 miles (about 200 kilometers) in a post-chaise.
little market in Moscow on Lubyanka Square.
In the XIX century, the depreciation of the Russian currency continued. Ruble late 1830s - a half kilograms of fresh water fish or 2, 5 kilograms of beef. For the same money on the market offering four dozen eggs or a kilo of butter. The same cost WHO straw (66 kg), or half of the waggon hay (about 33 kilograms).
Fed the end of an era
The first years of the twentieth century until the beginning of the First World War, historians consider the best in the history of pre-revolutionary Russia. There was virtually no inflation, and prices allowed almost every family eat the way you want, not how it is.
In Ruble gave 25 loaves of rye bread (400 g each) or 14 white loaves (300 grams), 6, 5 kilograms of potatoes in 20 kilograms or last.
Having spent a ruble, could return home with five kilos of pasta or take a pound of coffee beans. Two dozen eggs or two kilograms of cheese - too ruble.
With regard to alcohol: the ruble - a half-liter or liter of vodka breech better, with a double cleaning. A mug of beer volume of 0, 6 liters cost 10 cents, so that the visitor is a beer with a ruble in his pocket could "download" a just six liters.
Although the smartphone was in those years, with the money still managed to communicate with family or friends at a distance. For the ruble could send a 20 word by telegraph, 25 letters or speak for two minutes on the phone.