The story of the red pom-pom on his cap French sailors
• The story of the red pom-pom on his cap French sailors
His cap - the most widespread headdress navy different countries. Of course, in every state military form has its own specifics. For example, in France at the top of his cap there is a sea pompom blue or red. This design element, like the headgear of French sailors, has a long history. There are on this subject, and a beautiful sailor's legend.
The history of the French navy's cap sailors begins with the story Bonet small felt hats worn even in medieval Scandinavia. Even then, Bonet had pompons. Caps were easy to manufacture and very easy to wet, cold weather. Is it any wonder that in just a century Bonet slipped in the army in different countries.
The most widespread cap with a pompon received in 1725 after the first Jacobite rebellion, when the UK formed a highland regiment of loyal crown of Scottish clans. Chief headdress these fighters was Bonet with a pompon. By the end of the XVIII century military cap with a pom-pom can be seen in various armies of the world: Britain, France, Portugal and even Russia.
The path to his cap in the French navy began in 1825. It was then a hat "bonnet de travail" was adopted for the younger sailors and naval officers, which is essentially a cap with a small visor. No pompom on it did not yet exist. It is noteworthy that the original appearance of the "bonnet de travail" barely regulated, so many sailors sewed hats to order in their own way with different colors and small ribbon ornaments.
By 1830, the peak with the "bonnet de travail" disappeared. After the French command two years adopted strict regulations with regard to the appearance of the men, including their hats. Peakless were given to the same standard. Each sailor had to have two caps, one of which must necessarily be blue was unadorned. The only thing that allows you to add - wool strand (small brush) on top of Boneta. Already by 1840 the availability of the strands become mandatory.
In view of the fact that in the maritime regulations on military form 1832 sailors were allowed to leave on his Bonete the very strand, it would be logical to assume that invented its own sailors who wanted somehow to decorate their shape immediately after the "bonnet de travail ". The next major change to the headdress of the French sailors have taken place in 1871. It has been found that the cap should be of two colors (one of which is blue) and on the top strand should be as thick and solely in red.
Owl modern look French naval peakless cap found in the First World War. Lush strand on top for convenience and greater practicality decided replaced by sleek bob. On this account, by the way, there is a beautiful legend that during the review of the fleet Empress Eugenie one of the men smashed his head until blood and monarchs gave him his silk handkerchief, which was painted in red. In memory of this place in the Navy and began to wear that same red strand, and later - a red pompom.