How to get scarce products to the USSR
During the total deficit is very valued products, which today is literally littered the shelves. Iskhitryatsya people had to get the cherished sausages, chocolate and fruit. And if the notorious queues seem the only obstacle, then it is not so. Some items do not appear in the open sale. However, on a festive table ordinary Soviet workers still there is something unusual. They had their own tricks and unobvious possibilities to pamper yourself. But the price you had to pay the appropriate.
Favorite sausages - as they did. Do all have enough meat delicacies
The Soviet sausage in 50-60s of the last century was definitely a meat product - a nice, high-calorie, Godea for the preparation of many dishes, and very inexpensive. Favorite all "Doctor" - fresh, made according to GOST - cost only 2 rubles 60 kopecks.
We ate all the sausage: it gave the children, added to salads, home-bag and just cut into snack plates. Sandwiches with a doctorate are even party buffets.
Formulation STATE in the product was 95% meat, 70 was lean pork, in the rest consisted of egg, milk, salt and nutmeg as cardamom spices. The addition of sodium nitrite provides a pleasant color. The sausage was made from fresh meat, freezing is not allowed.
Changes in the standard were made back in the 50s, but they were minor to crop failure and drought in 1972. New GOST allow adding 2% starch.
The cost price of "Doctorate" was much higher than its retail price. Good quality is bad when combined with the low cost of implementation. Therefore, the citizens of the sausage was available on the budget, but not by the presence on the shelves. Smoked sausages were not already on display in the '60s. Since the beginning of the 70s in the free market there is already cooked. The exceptions were supplied with special Moscow, Leningrad, Union republics centers, "closed" city with important for the production of the state. In the Baltic republics supply situation it was everywhere very decent.
Why are potatoes and carrots were bought for a year and were stored in the cellars of the city, and for exotic fruits queues
The habit of making harvesting vegetables, a variety of canned food was not born under the Soviet regime. But the state government of vegetable stores familiar to the population of compulsory work in cleaning vegetables rot, forced to come up with their own alternatives. Each task is solved in its own way: in the pantry shelves arranged in the parameter space - from floor to ceiling, to insulate a balcony. For potatoes, carrots and beets dug cellars under garages and empty areas behind the houses. Legitimate these premises were not, but the complaints of the owners of warehouses nobody wrote - were all in the same position.
Exotic oranges and bananas are eaten only in season. Find tropical fruits could be in stores in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev.
The longest queue for bananas have been in Moscow, where they were transported to the entire European part of the country. Due to the long lines and the limited number of bananas purchased the maximum - as released in one hand.
Occasionally the kids able to buy Iranian dates, raisins. All residents of the capitals and experienced miners from the visitors know where they are sold. Tangerines from the Caucasus republics during the harvest season are available in many cities, especially in the markets. Most chocolate chocolate, Indian Soviet Weighing of tea - if they had to "get"
The deficit was also chocolate and containing all its candy. Cocoa beans were imported, raisins and nuts - in short supply. Sweets such as "Bear Bruin", "Squirrel" were expensive and not readily available. Behind them we went to the capital, mainly in Moscow. Sweets delight children, hung them on Christmas trees. The trade union organizations of the enterprises were equipped troops before the New Year, so the gifts from the public of Santa Claus always had good candy.
Good candy to the correct tea were reason enough for the reception. Tea was "Indian" (an elephant), "Ceylon" and "Gypsy." The latter was tasteless, and the import was not enough. Then we come up with a mixture of Indian and Georgian tea: №20 and №36 - by the percentage of imported sheet. Good grades fall into stores, but immediately sold out. Low-quality tea served for window dressing.
The milk turns sour, tasty cheese, a real sour cream - if at all simple enough molochki
Milk in the USSR was present. Like sour cream, dairy products and butter. Milk without antibiotics and preservatives sour on the second or third day. And it was delicious - its drinking glasses, the kids loved a bit of sugar and biscuits. Cheese, weight or in packs, not only suited for baking or dumplings - it can be eaten for breakfast with sour cream or jam.
Dairy products were brought to the shops in the morning. Turn held in advance as all dismantled without remainder. It is in the provincial towns, and in Moscow the goods enough for the whole day. Scarce product was butter. In most provincial towns in the free market, it rarely appeared. There was a strange substitute - "butter sandwich," low-fat with short shelf life. From it does not get off the cream for cakes and pastries, it would not do.
How and where to reach them products to the festive table
Gradually deficit was all quality. In Moscow, the sausage was, as in other cities - no. In "Novoarbatsky" grocery store on Kalinin Prospekt in any day in all departments were impressive lineup. Here are familiar with, preparing for exams, read books and newspapers.
But in Moscow there was a shortage: dry smoked sausage, roasted nuts in chocolate, caviar - red and black. It has already purchased "on the pull" or special permit. And in the provincial towns there were no frills. Queues for milk and the "little blue" chickens, got his nickname for a bluish color and unimaginable toschest.
In the Far East, in Murmansk and Arkhangelsk, in the Azov Sea it was good with fish, and in the lower reaches of the Volga could disgustingly there sturgeon. But by the end of the 70s disappeared fish, every sausage, meat and dairy products, even at Kuban well-fed before. The right product is now purchased from a speculator, who was friends with the directors of warehouses, stores, retailers, buying goods from "the back door". Between the sales staff has been launched barter: champagne caviar, sausage on oranges.
on the party nomenclature tables products did not appear from the grocery. Spetsraspredeliteli - offices, shops closed and entire warehouses have always existed, but they were incredibly fruitful in the Brezhnev era. In the regional centers were obkomovskie warehouses for party officials and important officials. Enter there could only pass. The range of distributors amazed imagination: an abundance of drinks and delicacies, which even in the movies will not see. Prices were also fantastic - prohibitively low. On special occasions - wedding, anniversary funeral - to get approval from the head of the driver could, secretary and other attendants VIPs. Impressions of these purchases have enough for a long time. Disclose details of commodification employees were not allowed, but who will survive! PX were still closed canteens enterprises and institutions, public "orders." Even theater buffets offered sandwiches to treat ourselves with caviar and champagne or cognac than willingly used citizens underserved categories.
The meager 1980 even in Moscow there was a special kind of selling goods acute demand - on "Card Muscovite", which forged good. Hungry seconded could buy butter and sausage on cards and passports.
Remain outside the distribution of the people themselves have organized their supply: traveled by train, by train, by bus to the nearest town upgrade supply. There championed several rounds and loaded swollen bags evening. Along the way, it was possible to get to the museum - with pleasure.