What's wrong with Einstein's brain after his death?
• What's wrong with Einstein's brain after his death?
Albert Einstein died in Princeton, April 18, 1955. His dying wish was modest funeral without publicity - and it happened. the scientist's body was cremated, and at the funeral, which was attended by 12 people, his ashes were scattered to the winds. However, the scientist was cremated ... not all. His brain, presumably, is still preserved in formalin, available for research.
Brain scientist drew Thomas Harvey - a pathologist who made the autopsy of Einstein at Princeton Hospital. At that time, the doctor seemed to take for granted that the brain of the great scientist should study - in fact, he was sure it bequeathed to the scientist. The fact that his actions were subsequently identified as the theft was a shock for him.
A piece of brain.
Harvey photographed brain from all possible angles, and then carefully cut it into smaller pieces 240, each of which is packed in a jar with formalin or colloidal film.
When the fact of Einstein's brain concealment became known, Harvey was asked to return it to a relative, but he flatly refused. Almost immediately this was followed by the dismissal, and later - a divorce with his wife. Harvey's life was completely destroyed - until the end of his life he worked normal working at the factory, only in old age by giving an interview for a documentary dedicated to his "theft". Later, in hindsight, Einstein's family gave permission for the research scientist's brain.
A piece of brain in formalin.
The first study of Einstein's brain was in 1984 - 29 years after the death of a scientist. Then a group of scientists published in the journal "Experimental Neuroscience" two Einstein brain section (9 and 39 fields Brodmann) with similar portions of the control group. Conclusions of scientists was that the ratio of the number of cells to neurons neyrogliynyh Einstein was higher than the other.
Harvey shared Einstein's brain on 240 pieces.
This study podvergnulis such criticism that its results no one would take it seriously. Among the main reasons were that the control group consisted of only 11 people, which is too small by comparison, and more than that - they were all much younger than Einstein at the time of his death.
15 years later, these errors were taken into account and an article published in the medical journal "The Lancet", reported a larger study group of people, whose average age was just 57 years old - it is with them compared brain scientist. The researchers then identified specific areas of the brain responsible for the ability to mathematics, and noted that they are larger than the rest, and he himself a scientist brain was 15% wider than the average brain.
Thomas Harvey, one of Einstein's brain fragments. Between these studies there was one - in 1996, which revealed a general Einstein's brain weight (1230 g), which is slightly less than the average brain of an adult male (1400 g), but in contrast, was put that the density of neurones in Einstein was much and much more than usual. Apparently, the researchers suggest, it provides scientists with much greater and intense connection between neurons and thus, better brain function.
Albert Einstein and Charlie Chaplin.
Harvey himself all this time kept the photos himself Einstein's brain in his until his death. He died in 2007, after which his family had transferred all the data in the National Health Museum and Medicine in Silver Springs. Despite the fact that Harvey has repeatedly stated that collaborated with other scientists exploring Einstein's brain, no documentation of these experiments, it was found.
A scientist in recent years.
Later, in 2012, anthropologist Dean Falk studied Einstein's brain from photographs. She found that the scientist was highly developed is the part that is considered to be commonly developed in muzkantov-handers. Actually, the fact that Einstein played the violin, is not a mystery.
She also discovered additional gyrus in the frontal lobe of the brain, which are believed to be responsible for memory and the ability to plan ahead. The corpus callosum, according to a report Dean Falk, Einstein is also different from most people - it is much thicker, which could mean that the communication of information between the two hemispheres of the brain of the scientist has been more intense.
Terence Hines, a psychologist at a university in New York, believes all these studies a waste of time. He was confident that the brain of each person is so unique, that even if you find another person with exactly the same features, it will not mean that this person would be a genius. He argues that reveal the genius of the physical dimension of the brain is simply impossible.
Albert Einstein in 1947.
Whether Einstein was a genius because his brain was kind of special, or the brain was special precisely because it was a genius scientist? This question is still open.
One of Einstein's brain pictures.