Little-known facts about the Shaolin monks
• Little-known facts about the Shaolin monks
Ancient Chinese Shaolin Temple has long become a cultural phenomenon. The spread of Buddhism from Asia to the West, Bruce Lee, and even the history of "Star Wars" and "Kung Fu Panda" was inspired by this monastery. However, most of us hardly know anything about who really is the mysterious Shaolin fighting monks.
It was founded by the Indians
Shaolin Monastery is an integral part of Chinese culture, but its founder was a wandering Buddhist monk from India - Batu. Under his leadership, the first monastery, which gradually evolved into a whole school was built.
Many people think that the first Shaolin monastery, where practiced martial arts. In fact, even centuries before its inception there were training centers warrior monks in India. In addition, in Tibet and there was a special order, which enjoyed the patronage of the Dalai Lama.
History of Kung Fu also began long before the Shaolin. At the time of establishment of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) the Shaolin has become truly associated with this martial art, but in fact reference techniques of kung fu originated about 500 BC
Werewolf of Shaolin
In the second half of the 19th century, there lived a man named Jin Tai, known as Werewolf Shaolin. The boy was born with hypertrichosis: frightened parents carried the baby into the woods, where he found the monks. Where he was raised and educated warrior-Buddhist - legend says that Tai Jin was the only half-century for a man who mastered the technique of Dim Mak, the deadly touch.
At the beginning of the 16th century the coastal cities of China are constantly ruined by Japanese corsairs-waka. In 1553 they are so brazen that attacked and captured a huge coastal city, Hangzhou. Emperor of China sent a 120 Shaolin monks to fight the waka, this small group was able to completely clean up the coast.
In the films of kung fu is often shown as the Shaolin monks on his forehead mentors draw round nine points (three in each row), which are called "Tszeba" (Jieba). This sacred mark is a sign that the monk had finished his training. Each point represents one of nine basic rules of conduct to be followed by each monk. The world knows 43 people who managed to get past the end of the ceremony of the sacred mark application. Among them there is one Italian - Franco Testino (known as Shi Yan Fan), the abbot of a Buddhist temple in California.
In an interview, George Lucas admitted that the creation of the saga "Star Wars" was inspired by the Shaolin monks. In the history of the emergence of the Jedi Order and the Shaolin Temple also has a lot in common. In the movie "Star Wars. Episode III: Revenge of the Sith "Palpatine tells Anakin Skywalker attack the Jedi Temple and kill all the boys who study there. Shaolin had a similar fate: in the XVIII century Emperor Qian Long ordered to destroy the monastery and all its inhabitants, including children.