Import of the USSR
Card system operating during the war, abolished in 1947, the government carried out a monetary reform, and the Soviet economy began to recover gradually. The products were mostly produced domestically. At the beginning of 1949 it was created the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, which included all of the socialist bloc countries, including the GDR. Of the CMEA member countries have been importing various products to the USSR, which included food and ...
The first of the countries that are not member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, which began deliveries of its food products in the USSR was Finland. In 1956, Valio Concern began to supply the Soviet Union cheese Viola - even then the blonde was depicted in a small round jar, which can be seen on the packaging, and to this day.
After the cheese has been eaten, the jars are not thrown away but used for storing different things - too outlandish was packing.
Now Valio company came under the sanctions, but the cheese can still be seen on the shelves - just stopped the production line in Finland itself, which worked on the Russian market.
The company's products, produced at the plant in Russia, the sanctions do not fall (the same applies to all other foreign manufacturers with its production in our country).
Help from countries sotsbloka
In the 70s in the Soviet Union was quite a large range of products from abroad (mostly, of course, from sotsbloka countries). Sold frozen vegetables and fruits of the Polish company Hortex - for them to move out the whole of Moscow in the company shop near the metro station "Academic".
From Bulgaria imported canned vegetables, produced by "Bulgarkonserv": eggplant caviar, beans in tomato sauce, even stuffed. Sometimes on the shelves you can find Bulgarian Turkish Delight.
Both companies - and Hortex, and "Bulgarkonserv" - exist to this day. Hortex fell under the sanctions, "Bulgarkonserv" continues to deliver products in Russia - the embargo has no effect on conservation, which is specialized firm.
From Hungary to the Soviet Union, too, imported canned goods from Romania - corn on the banks. From the region in the USSR also imported wine - Yugoslav or Hungarian, which were considered a scarce commodity, and made a splash at any meal.
The number of imported canned existed a popular Hungarian green peas company Globus. These were the standard canned taste and quality, and some believed Hungarian peas tastes better fresh from the garden.
Sausage with green peas were served in virtually every Soviet canteen, but to get the imported peas - it was a special, with nothing comparable success.
Now the brand Globus canned can be found on store shelves. The company is headquartered in Budapest, but in Russia there is a factory-manufacturer in the Kuban.
It is worth to mention the sausage - it was a kind of symbol of wealth and economic stability, a symbol of blossoming welfare of the workers and peasants.
In the late 50's sausage in the Soviet Union it became one of the main components of the diet of meat in the shops there were many varieties of cheap Soviet sausages.
But in the early '70s, when the meat industry problems began, traditional recipes sausage began to change in the direction of combined meat. In the production of a sausage began to add more starch, flour, and other non-meat ingredients. Then in the USSR became available sausage from Hungary, but he only accrue to officials and particularly valuable employees. Hungarian sausage allowed "to order", in retail stores, he appeared very rarely.
In the mid-1950s in the Soviet Union from friendly African and Asian countries began to import bananas. The main suppliers were initially Vietnam and China - Mao Zedong and leaders of Ho Chi Minh paid grocery supplies including military loans to their Union.
Because of problems with transporting bananas delivered in good condition only in the eastern part of the USSR, and in Moscow and Leningrad, they could be found rarely and on the occasion.
After the start of the Vietnam War and the Sino-Soviet conflict in the late 60s began to bananas delivered not from Asia, and from friendly countries in the Caribbean, in particular - from Cuba and Ecuador. They were queues, though the price of the exotic was quite frightening - 2 rubles per kilogram.
to strange fruit does not rot, they were imported into the country more green: Soviet citizens bananas wrapped in newspaper and put in a dark, dry place, so that those "ripe".
In the early 60's due to the inefficiency of the virgin lands of the USSR and a number of other economic factors, he was forced to seek help from the West. In 1963, the United States to the Soviet Union began the wheat supply. Grain purchased in Australia, Canada and France.
Abroad was purchased as sugar and soybeans. In the mid-70s due to problems with the livestock industry began to import beef Soviet meat-processing industry. The import of foreign meat gained tremendous momentum, and to beef added poultry products - frozen chickens and hens.
In 1990, the last year of existence of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev signed an agreement with George HW Bush for the supply to the frozen chicken legs - the most famous "Bush legs".
Of them there were a lot of horror stories - in particular, it was thought that American hams are very harmful to health and stuffed with antibiotics and hormones.
A variety of jokes and anecdotes about the "Bush legs" were extremely popular, and the phrase became winged. Now in connection with the sanctions the import of meat products from the United States, including chicken hams completely banned.
One of the main sources of scarce foreign goods was the store "Birch" - the first stores of this trade networks have been established in 1961.
First, "Birches" was only at Vnukovo and Sheremetyevo, then the two stores were opened in the capital hotel "Ukraine" and "Leningrad"; later "Birches" appeared in Leningrad and the capitals of the Union republics.
Shop "Birch", Sheremetyevo airport. Moscow 1986
First stores sold by the Soviet high-quality products - they were sold to foreigners for the currency in which the Soviet Union has always needed. Demand among the visitors enjoyed coats, caviar, vodka and small souvenirs like dolls or toys Dymkovo.
The prices of goods were much higher than in the ordinary Soviet stores, but the country much needed foreign currency.
The visitors of "Birches" were Soviet citizens who have traveled outside my trip and brought out the currency. Since the mid-60's trade with compatriots waged for cashless payments: foreign currency were translated at the expense of Vnesheconombank, and then exchange them for special certificates (later - checks), and that paid off in the "Birch". Prices in the price list has also been exhibited in the checks. These checks until the end of the 80's were the subject of large-scale speculation on the black market.
Later, in the "Birch" were imported goods, which ordinary Soviet people would not even dream of. Here is what was written in the "Price list for food products" one of the shops:
"... There is a wide range of Soviet and imported goods: Russian vodka and liqueurs, whiskey Scottish English gins, brandies (...) the French."
At the entrance to the store is often scarce imported goods stood guard who asked to produce receipts - to ordinary Soviet citizens did not go to the "Birch" in the museum.
This is the preferred channel of supply, which is supplied along with the Japanese technique and French coats and more foreign food, often used by Soviet officials.
Since 1992, "Birch" once again began to take checks instead of Soviet foreign currency, and by the mid-90s closed, as has become unprofitable.