Countries that have disappeared in the 20th century
In the 20th century the political map of the world forever changed the two world wars and many local conflicts. Dozens of countries have appeared and disappeared in the flames of war. Worthy of attention is the fact that by the early 20th century, the world was only a few dozen independent states. By the end of the rich on the global significance of the events of the century has become a little less than two hundred. Nevertheless, some of the newly formed countries have not lived up to our days, and perished in the millstones of history along with their flags, the government and all the rest.
Today, we will talk about the most famous nine countries will cease to exist for one reason or another in the 20th century.
Years of existence: from 1816 to 1920.
After the fall of the empire created by Napoleon, Europe had to revise their borders. This small plot of land about 3, 5 km ² disposed between modern Germany and Belgium, was draw redraw boundaries. The resulting neutral zone governed jointly Netherlands and Prussia.
The state, whose inhabitants were considered as stateless, but which had its own flag and coat of arms, lasted until 1920. Then, after World War I Treaty of Versailles Moresnet went to Belgium.
Republic of Salo
Years of existence: from 1943 to 1945.
Also known as the Italian Socialist Republic. Salo was a puppet state in Italy, Mussolini controlled. Lime country only recognized Germany, Japan and other countries of the Nazi bloc, and to maintain control over it required substantial support of German troops. Government of the Republic argued that they own the whole northern part of Italy and Rome, but, in fact, it is controlled from the small town of Salo, located on the shores of Lake Garda. SRI ceased to exist in 1945, when the allied forces of the country were expelled last fascist invaders.
United Arab Republic
Years of existence: from 1958 to 1971.
It was a short-term political union between Egypt and Syria, were kept on the general hatred of Israel. Syria withdrew from the republic after 3 years since failed to settle their differences with the ally. Egypt until 1971 continued to be called the United Arab Republic.
Years of existence: from 1642 to 1975.
Sikkim was a small independent principality under the control of Namgyal dynasty from 1642 (the first king was Phuntsog Namgyal). In 1975, Sikkim was absorbed by India and joined it as the 22nd state. In the period of independence of Sikkim passed through the famous Silk Road to China.
Years of existence: from 1505 to 1972.
This is a country located in South Asia, now known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Ceylon has a rich history of international relations, as a 7th century trading center for the Arabs, and then for the Europeans. Ceylon alternately ruled by the Portuguese, then the Dutch and finally the British, from which the Ceylon gained full independence in 1948. In 1972 Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka.
Years of existence: from 1918 to 1993.
Czechoslovakia was founded on the ruins of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and existed peacefully until 1938, while the Wehrmacht invaded not here. In 1945, Soviet troops liberated the country and put it in the head loyal to the policy of the USSR. When the collapse of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia left the union of socialist republics. In 1992, Czechs and Slovaks, who had serious differences in culture, we decided to split into two separate states.
Years of existence: from 1949 to 1990.
Wall, dividing the country into two parts, East and West Germany, was built after the Second World War. Then, in response to the creation of the Federal Republic of Germany under the control of the United States, Britain and France, the Soviet Union established the German Democratic Republic. In 1990, the wall was broken down, and the people, divided into two parts, again became one.
Years of existence: from 1918 to 1992.
Like Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia was founded on the ruins of the Austro-Hungarian Empire by combining pieces from different countries, mainly Hungary and Serbia. In fact, Yugoslavia was a great seething cauldron in which the cooked more than 20 ethnic groups that had different cultures and traditions. Kingdom of Yugoslavia was occupied by Germany during World War II. After its completion, Josip Tito, the leader of the guerrilla groups, created a socialist Yugoslavia and became a dictator. In 1992, socialist Yugoslavia was divided in Croatia, Bosnia, Slovenia, Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro.
Years of existence: from 1912 to 1951.
In Tibetan history, numbering several thousand years, in 1912 - a landmark date. It was then that the Dalai Lama XIII declared the independence of Tibet from China and proclaimed an independent Tibetan state. In 1951 Chinese troops invaded Tibet and occupied it. In 1959, an uprising broke out, directed against the Chinese invaders, but it was quickly suppressed. Tibetans call for this day of independence, and they have many supporters among the world's politicians and prominent figures of science and art.