Soviet car industry in Finland
• The Soviet car industry in Finland
For years, Finland has been one of the main importers of Soviet cars among Western European countries. In a small northern country, not only to sell our cars, but even change them to fit your needs. Later altogether makes cars for the Soviet Union. We talk about the little-known and forgotten structures.
Now it is difficult to believe that domestic cars once exported to dozens of countries, including Western Europe. And there is not just trade them, but also to make their own, little-known, we modify our own machines.
After the war, the President of the Republic of Finland Juho Kusti Paasikivi went on ZIS-110. The Head of State, by the way, was generally a supporter of good relations with the former enemy. And its VMS, which now stands at one of the Finnish museums, the president, according to the legend, gave the Soviet government.
Already since 1948 the Soviet-Finnish trade company Konela sell our "Muscovites", "Victory", trucks GAZ-51, and then a lot of other models - from MAZ to "Zaporozhets" to export the name of Jalta. 6,500 units were sold in 1960 only to passenger cars, and in 1975, when the popularity of "Zhiguli" abroad peaked - 12 647. The Finnish market has its own peculiarities, so our plants, trying to take into account the wishes of the exporter, made on his order special modifications. And sometimes Konela company itself has modernized the Soviet model.
The Finnish "classics" of Lada 1200 LS equipped with two mirrors, head restraints, and even cleaners headlights.
Izhevsk pickup in Finnish: the car with an elongated body called Elite Pick Up.
Many cars for the Finnish market did under the unwritten slogan "Carry as much as possible." This was the GAZ-51B with a long base and the body. These trucks sold in Finland since 1955, in the hands of zealous owners have worked very long. But three decades later, in 1982, Izhevsk Automobile Plant received an order for pick-up with the elongated body. This modification is tricky factory index IL-27151-013-01, but in Finland it was sold under the name Elite Pick Up. Since 1960 the name of Elite, sounding a bit naive today, if not ridiculous, it became the trademark of our "Muscovites" in several European countries.
By the way, "Muscovites" in Finland was another, quite unknown in our modification. Besides standard sedan 408 and 412 and respectively 426 and 427 versatile Konela firm in the early 1970s to construct three-door of vans moskvichovskih wagons which Finnish avenues called Elite 1500 pakettiauto. Around the same technology we now have of the wagons do taxis. Finnish three-door wagons were cheaper than the standard five-door. And at that time in Europe, by the way, in this class three-door cargo cars were quite popular.
Fighting for an increase in capacity, and the Finns did his own version of the versatile "Volga" GAZ-22 - with a folding third row of seats. We have such a scheme only appeared on the GAZ-24-02. By the way, in addition to standard Konela GAZ-24 promoted a version with a 65-horsepower diesel engine Indenor, but it was not machine made in Finland, and the fruit of the labor of a large Belgian importer Scaldia-Volga Soviet cars. But the three-liter V6 Ford motors capacity of 144 liters. from. put on the GAZ-24, apparently was Konela. However, these machines have made one. The company Konela reworked our cars as sensitively monitored for customers' needs. But its capabilities are limited.
So firm Konela like to see upgraded Moskvich-412. Salon "four hundred and twelfth" by the Finnish company.
In 1972, when the demand for "Muscovites" in Western Europe began to fall, the Finns have proposed a variant of modernization "four hundred and twelfth". He adjusted the Zhiguli door handles, fuel tank moved the neck on the right wing and the boot lid have provided an external lock instead of native, who worked on the ever seized a rope, stretched across the interior. And a little ennobled interior.
Not to say that the machine was so very elegant, but almost all Finnish improvements implemented after four years on the "Moskvich-2140". However, the main demand by then shifted to the "Lada".
Cars "Harmony" - the first "classic", and then "Samara" - were sold in Finland is very good. However, their appearance has not changed over the years, to the same modifications were few. To whet your interest in VAZ cars, Konela firm to construct modification ennobled interior and exterior styling. In particular, the outer plastic body kit, different wheels and tires, seats and headlamp cleaning system.
In the 1980s and 1990s, some of these machines has returned to his homeland. They counterparts from other countries involved in the modernization of "Lada", produced on our motorists striking impression. It was there, in fact, and went home tuning. In those years, the editors RR often get letters with questions such as "what paste tunings to sow?". Konela advertised convertibles based on the Niva and "eight", but she did not do them. The brochure Konela company among other things featured "Samara" and "Field" with the cabriolet. But it was not the work of Finnish. Outdoor VAZ-2108 made in Belgium, as shown in the picture "Field", apparently, a German production.
In the second half of the 1990s, when new economic relations have already come to Russia, VAZ, together with the Finns decided to put improved "Lada" on the flow - primarily based on Western European fastidious buyer. This is how the Euro-Samara, aka Lada Samara Baltic. Painting and assembly established in 1996, the Finnish company the Valmet, build, particularly convertibles Saab. "Nine" bit of ennobled outside and inside, set decent wheels and tires, traction imported. The car has turned significantly more expensive than standard and not in Western Europe or in Russia aroused little interest. In 1998, the production of rolled.
Another almost forgotten pages of the Finnish-Soviet cooperation car - models created in Finland for the USSR. The most famous - the ambulance company Tamro (Tampere). Finns have developed a model since 1979. Ambulances with high roof Riga factory RAF then did.
In the USSR such Rafa worked since the early 1980s. High ambulances small-scale production gets very expensive, but similar in structure to the USSR was not simple. Only in the second half of 1980s, Latvians, using Finnish experience, began to build their own high ambulances RAF-2914. And firm Tamro reworked into high nurse "Volga" and Oise, but in small quantities. The last chapter of the Soviet-Finnish cooperation automotive steel Ajokki vans under the brand. In the first half of 1980 on the chassis of KAMAZ-53212 made mobile television studio "Magnolia 23" equipment Siauliai plant, and on the chassis of KAMAZ-5410 - Car of the blood service. test machines in the Dmitrov automobile proving ground not passed without comment. One of the major drawbacks - weak strength and tightness of the wagon near the door. Probably, the Finns have finished cars. Anyway, TV KamAZ-Ajokki in service until now - runs something in such minuscule machines.
Mobile television station KamAZ-Ajokki. Konela car stopped operations in 2003 alone. Some machines by the Finns in the Soviet era, now a rarity and collector's dream - fans of the domestic automobile industry, not only ours, but also Finnish.