The most incredible ice natural wonders
Nature - the greatest and most skillful of the creators, in all his works reveal to us the unparalleled beauty and majesty. For us, natural masterpieces, incomprehensible in its nature, is truly a miracle, even making us feel their relationship with the surrounding reality. Nature has enough money to work, whether it be stone, water or ice. These natural ice wonders to see with my own eyes happen not to everyone, as they are located in remote and very cold places of our planet. But virtually see this beauty is not difficult.
The real paradise for enthusiastic Greenland kayaking. When the ice melting Peterman, an area located below filled with clear water with a bluish tinge. This phenomenon is seasonal, and every time the river changed its shape. Blue River was discovered by three researchers, who conducted research on the problem of global warming. The river began to attract its magnificence large number of tourists.
Glacial Falls Svalbard
Svalbard means "cold coast", is an archipelago in the Arctic, constituting the northernmost part of Norway and Europe. This place is located about 650 kilometers north of mainland Europe, midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. Despite being so close to the North Pole, Svalbard is relatively warm due to warming effect of the Gulf Stream, which makes it suitable for habitation. In fact, Svalbard - the most northern permanently inhabited area on the planet. Svalbard cover a total area of 62, 050 sq. km, almost 60% of which are covered with glaciers, many of which go straight into the sea. Giant glacier Brosvellbrin located on Nordaustlandet - the second largest island in the archipelago, is stretched by as much as 200 kilometers. Twenty-meter edge of a huge glacier Brosvellbrin, stretched on two hundred kilometers, crossed by numerous waterfalls, which can be seen only in the warmer seasons of the years.
This cave in the glacier - the result of the melting of the ice, the rain and melt water on the surface of a glacier flows directed to that part of the glacier through cracks. Water flow is gradually melts hole, performing the way to the lower portions, forming long crystal cave. Minor deposits in the water along the flow of melt water gives a dirty color, while the top of the cave is shown in dark blue. Because of the rapid movement of the glacier, about 1 m per day on uneven terrain, this ice cave is transformed into its end into a deep vertical slit. This allows natural light to enter the ice cave at both ends. The cave is accessible through a 7-meter entrance to the shoreline. In the end it narrows to a difficult narrow passage, not more than a meter in height. Ice caves are located in unstable areas and can collapse at any time. They safely enter only in winter, when the cold temperature of the ice strengthening. Despite this, you can hear the constant sound of grinding ice in a cave. This does not happen because everyone is going to collapse, but because the cave is moving along with the glacier itself. Every time when the glacier moved a millimeter, you can hear very loud sounds. Among the attractions of Iceland are very popular cave
Glacier Briksdal Briksdalsbrin or - one of the most accessible and best known arms Yostedalsbrin glacier. This place is situated in Norway, and is part of the National Park Yostedalsbrin. Glacier terminates in a small glacial lake, which is 346 meters above sea level. Visitors from all over the world come to see the beautiful outlet glacier Briksdal, beautifully situated among waterfalls and high peaks. With the proper equipment and experienced guides, visitors can enjoy a totally safe but incredibly exciting excursion.
Bearsden Canyon carved by melt water is 45 meters deep. This photo was taken in 2008. Along the edge of the Ice Canyon Greenland, the line on the wall shows the stratigraphic layers of ice and snow, established over the years. Black layer at the base of the channel is a cosmic dust - swollen powder dust, which is deposited and deposited on snow, glaciers and ice sheets.
Arctic Glacier elephant leg
Arctic Glacier Leg elephant found in northern Greenland. The gray area in the lower elevation of the ice melt water channels engraved clearly separated from the white surface area accumulation above. It is easy to understand from where this glacier there was such a title. This unique glacier is located in a wonderful geographic position on the northeastern coast of Greenland
This unique frozen wave is located in Antarctica. She was discovered by an American scientist Tony Trevouillonom in 2007. These pictures do not really show a huge wave, somehow frozen in the process. Formation contains blue ice, and it is - strong evidence that it was not created instantly from the waves. Blue ice created by the compression of air bubbles trapped. The ice looks blue because when the light passes through the layer, the blue light is reflected back and the red light is absorbed. Thus, a dark blue color suggests that the ice was formed slowly over time rather than immediately. Subsequent thawing and refreeze for many seasons gave the formation of a smooth, wave-like appearance.
The most common icebergs are blue and green stripes, but can be brown. This phenomenon often occurs in the Southern Ocean. Striped icebergs with multiple colored stripes, including yellow, brown, fairly common in the cold waters of the Antarctic. Colored icebergs are formed when large pieces of ice break away from the ice shelf and fall into the sea. Since glaciers are composed of snow falling on Antarctica for many thousands of years, ice is made up of fresh water. Thus it appears that floating fresh ice interacts with the salt water. Sea water is in contact with supercooled glacier and frozen as if covering his crust. This upper layer of ice formed from sea water contains organic matter and minerals. Caught up in the waves, and blown by the wind, icebergs can be painted with amazing colorful stripes of various shapes and structures. Iceberg appears white because of the tiny bubbles trapped in the ice and scattered light. Blue areas are created when a crack in the ice sheet is filled with melt water, which quickly freezes. In this case, the bubbles do not have time to form. When water is rich algae, the strip can be colored green, as well as other hue.
Hundreds of ice towers can be seen on top of the volcano Mount Erebus (3,800 m). They look like giant one-day stubble on his face. Constantly active volcano, perhaps the only place in Antarctica, where fire and ice meet, mix and create something unique. Towers can reach 20 meters high and look almost alive, releasing jets of steam into the southern polar sky. Part of the volcanic steam freezes, putting off the inside of the tower, extending and expanding them.
Frozen waterfall Fang
Fang - waterfall, located near the town of Vail in Colorado. A huge column of ice formed from this waterfall only at extremely cold winters, when the frost creates an ice column, grows up to 50 meters in height. Frozen waterfall Fang has a base, reaching 8 meters in width.
Penitentes - amazing ice spikes, formed naturally in the plains in the high altitude areas of the Andes range, at an altitude of over 4,000 meters above sea level. These ice spikes reach the variables height from a few centimeters up to 5 meters, producing icy forest impression. The tips of their blades always point to the sun. they slowly begin to form when the ice melts with the early sunlight. Andean people have attributed this phenomenon faster than the wind in this area, which is actually just part of the process. According to recent scientific observations of sunlight that falls on the ice, heats it, in addition, part of the light is trapped in the ice, which leads to unequal melting of ice and those parts of ice, which does not pose is formed statue strange shape known as Penitentes.