What the Polish hussars were fastened behind the wings?
• What is the Polish hussars were fastened behind the wings?
One would joke bitterly that the Polish hussar wings you need to fly to them in heaven. However, despite its harmfulness, it is undeniable that the Polish Winged Hussars was, if not the best, that's exactly one of the best shock cavalry of Europe in the XVI and XVII centuries. The main character, and the most recognizable attribute of the Polish hussars began this most wings. About them and talk.
In the history of winged hussars many glorious pages of military honor and bravery. "Horse Angels" has repeatedly changed the outcome of the battle, sometimes inclining towards Poland scales in the most difficult and crucial moment. Battle of Orsha in 1514, Obertyn 1531, slashing a Lyubeshevom 1577, the Battle of beech in 1600 and of course the glorious victory over the army of the Holy Roman Empire at Byczyna in 1588. This list can be continued. However, nothing surprising in this.
Why? Although, if only because it is the winged hussars were the most efficient part of the troops then Poland. Elite cavalry shock was the greater part of the cavalry of the state. Unlike conventional hussar, "cruise" was not easy, and heavy cavalry chivalrous type. In the best years in the hussars consisted of about 8280 people. Decent figure, which allowed Poland to compete, both on its eastern neighbor Russia, as well as with its Western "partners" in the face of what was then the (future) Germany.
The look winged hussars really very cool and beautiful. Of course, everyone agrees that the army in the first place is important utility. However, the Polish hussars combined the deadly efficiency with aesthetic beauty. The most important element of their equipment were the same "angel" wings that were fastened behind the rider. About that, what they needed, the disputes do not cease to this day.
Note: usually the wings were made on a wooden frame made of eagle feathers. In addition to the reform of the Stefan Batory in 1576 "wings" are not fastened behind their backs, and on billboards. However, the boards were abolished. And there were familiar to every "horse angels."
In fact, "guessing" about speculation hussar wings began in the 16th century. Some suggest that the wings published whistle that frightened the horses in battle. Version of the beautiful, if not a few "buts". Firstly, why, in this case, the whistle did not frighten the horses most winged hussars? Second, even if the wings whistling, then this would not have been heard over the trampling of horses' hooves. Thirdly, the reconstruction of the equipment winged hussars no whistle did not give the tests.
There is another view. The wings were necessary to protect the hussar from the back. Version interesting and even viable. However, if the wooden frame is really able to give at least some impact protection saber? Also, do not forget that the hussars were dressed in a rather "dead" armor. Good armor, no sword or even a sword will pierce.
remains the last, the most plausible version. Wings need for beauty and identification comrades in battle, if the system was broken. Do not forget that served in the Hussars nobles - nobles. At that time the aristocracy was still the military class. War for them was the highest expression of life, the meaning of their existence. And as you know, have to die beautifully (better, of course, not to die)! Specifically, Catholic Poland invested in hussar wings and some sacred, religious, ideological meaning if you will - the identification of elite warriors with the heavenly host countries.
The more so that not all members of the Winged Hussars really had the right to wear the wings (although most of them). Wearing wings could only "friend", gentleman, serving in the army, who brought with him to the service of several fighters assistants.
Note: there is also a version that the wings are prevented to throw a lasso on the rider (loop to pull a horse), which again is difficult to fit in with two things. First - how it should work. The second - the wings, we would not have all the cavalry.