As the Chukchi than fought
• How and what Chukchi fought
When it comes to the Chukchi, imagination immediately draws the naive folk heroes of jokes. However, stern, implacable, freedom-loving and vengeful in fact the people of Chukotka region. Over 150 years Chukchi warriors fought with the Russian Cossacks, pioneers, regular army. Even the Soviet Union had difficulty in the region. His authority Tips able to establish here a de facto only in the 50s of the last century. Chukchi and fought with neighboring nations. What is the secret of their fighters?
The external danger always made Chukchi rally. All the villages here were not very large. In each, there were between 15 and 20 soldiers. He headed by their most powerful or the most experienced fighter. Their weapons were taken mostly men, because the hard patriarchy reigned in their society. The women went to war only in exceptional cases. Several settlements organized military units of 80-100 people. In exceptional cases, the Chukchi could collect improvised army of 500 men. In 1702, according to historical records, in the Anadyr attacked almost 3000 soldiers Chukchi.
Curiously, the Chukchi tribes never entered into alliances with its neighbors except Chukchi Eskimos.
Torture "Russian Indians"
On the way from the Chukchi was better not to get caught. Careless or sign an act regarded as a call to attack. During the torture did not know the Chukchi mercy to prisoners. Historians describe the two types most frequently encountered torture. If the enemy had to get him to talk, his bound hands and feet, and then blocked the access of air. After the prisoner lost consciousness, he brought to life, and the torture began anew. "Splits" even the most stubborn.
If, however, the enemy had a special hatred, then it is slowly but surely roasted on a spit.
The skills of soldiers
Train possession of weapons for hunting and war, the boys started with 5 years. From the beginning, the children were taught to endure hardship, to be strong and durable. For 16 years of the boy's already getting a very serious fighter and a good hunter. When it came to war, Chukchi preferred tactics of guerrilla warfare, as well as lightning-fast raids for plunder and capture of prisoners.
Armor Chukchi resembled military vestments Japanese samurai. Lamellar bone armor, which were made from the ribs of reindeer and walrus tusks. Fastened bone with leather straps. There were also bracers and leggings, plate helmets. He defended back hem length. An interesting element of the armor is elated that clearly should have been to protect the soldier's head from arrows. With the arrival of the Russian authorities Chukchi have access to more advanced materials, including iron and immediately began to use it in the manufacture of armor and weapons. The situation has become so complicated that the authorities of the empire, even forbidden to sell iron Chukchi.
The main weapon of the Chukchi warrior was a long bow powerful complex structure made of larch, spruce roll, birch bark and deer lived. Arrows to this bow had a length of 60-85 cm. The tip of the ammunition was married bone, later and less metal tip. The shaft for the arrows were made of floaters.
the Chukchi was second spear gun. Most often, it was a long, under 2.5 meters. Sometimes it is replaced with a palm tree - improvised weapons from a large knife Chukchi and shaft length of 2 meters. An important difference was that the Chukchi palm could be used as an ax or a machete.
Some of the soldiers were carrying sling and a bolo. Recent worn as a decoration on the head. When you imagine such a weapon were even children. In the capable hands of those 10-12 pitches up to 90 cm with a weight on the end was a serious weapon. Needless each Chukchi was a knife.