Impressive reasons that make the ants amazing creatures
• Impressive reasons that make the ants amazing creatures
You are likely especially about them and do not think. They are small, but thousands of them in your yard, so when it comes time to mow the lawn, you can see how these nimble little creatures start to spread everywhere. However, ants - so much more than it might seem at first glance. To understand what we mean, let's take a closer look to this interesting little creatures.
Firstly, did you know that ants - one of the few living creatures, except man, who has successfully managed to domesticate others? Moreover, they not only domesticate other fauna - they also take into slavery, wage war using highly advanced methods and tactics. You will likely never so much about ants did not think, right?
Well, next time you see them melteshaschimi at his feet, they may remind you what can be interesting! Did you know that some ants are incredibly good at math? They can find their way back to the nest, when calculating a route in my head!
Learn about them even more interesting, because in front of you - 25 impressive reasons due to which the ants can be called amazing creatures!
25. Recent studies have shown that about 20% of the ants are useless. They are called "lazy ants".
24. There is a kind of ants named after the famous actor Harrison Ford (Harrison Ford), who is a champion of environmental protection. This type is called Pheidole harrisonfordi.
23. Life expectancy ants - 28 years, but the ants of the uterus (the Queen) live longer than any other insect.
22. When an ant dies, it releases a chemical that signals other ants that he is dead and must be attributed to the ant "cemetery."
21. If a live ant spray this stuff, other ants will go with him as well as to the dead, no matter what he will do in this case.
20. Scientists from Stanford University (USA) found that the protocol used messor during foraging, virtually identical protocols controlling traffic on the Internet. He was named "anternet" (word formation, consisting of "ant" - "ant" and "Internet" - "Internet").
19. Cordyceps-sided - a fungus parasitic on ants carpenter (or carpenter ant) belonging kind Camponotus leonardi, found in tropical forests.
Once in the body of the insect, the fungus changes its behavior, resulting in the ant leaves the colony and, climbing on a 30-centimeter-high, is fixed on the sheet. After a week and a half mushroom kills the infected ant, growing through his whole body. A head of an ant grows Sporocarp (reproductive part) of red-brown color.
18. Some species of ants carpenter may explode as a last defense. They are reducing their abdominal muscles, then their internal organs ruptured, enveloping the enemy, as they say, from head to toe immobilize viscous insides.
17. mandibles (upper jaw pair) Some ants are so strong that some of the native tribes use them for sutures. They put an ant along the wound, and he pierces the skin of its powerful mandibles, thereby pulling cut. Then, turning the body, his head torn off by getting a very strong seam. It is said that the adults of these ants (species Dorylus) reach 3 centimeters in length.
16. Only two species on our planet could domesticate other living creatures: a man and ant.
15. Science knows 14 species of ants, which enslave or use other types of ants.
14. The leaf-cutting ants actually cut the leaves, but do not eat them, as it might seem at first glance, they are not able to digest tough plant fibers.
Cut pieces of leaves they chew and warehoused in its nest in a certain place to constantly maintain microclimate. Then, the substrate is infected by the fungus, and eating ants goes mycelium, which spreads over the thickness of fodder, as well as herself.
13. The Ravens crush ants and rub their insides. Apparently, they do this because of the formic acid contained in their blood, repels parasites.
12. In males, the ants, unlike females, no fathers. That's because males are born from unfertilized eggs, while females - from fertilized.
11. The copper-butterfly Rebel (Phengaris rebeli) - is a butterfly whose larvae pretend larvae of ants, so that the worker ants feed them, taking over their. Then, these larvae "promoted" to "career ladder", mimicking the sound that emits formic uterus.
10. Often when the real ant queen attacks the larvae of this moth, confused worker ants protect them by killing their own queen.
9. During a jump from a height of 4400 meters of the main parachute Joan Murray (Joan Murray) did not open, and the backup was able to open only at an altitude of about 200 meters, and it slings its confused ... At the speed of 130 km / h American parachutist has fallen to an ant hill of fire ants, poison which is similar to a burn ...
Joan Murray suffered multiple injuries and bites of ants, but still alive. Doctors believe that she survived thanks to ant bites: her heart continued to beat because of the huge adrenaline rush.
8. The ants are practicing what could be called a "social vaccine". When one of the ants in a colony is infected by a fungus, healthy relatives begin to lick it, thereby killing the spores and spreading the immunity of the entire colony.
7. The ants are very advanced and developed in the conduct of war. They have a "spy", "skirmishers". They put forward their weakest fighters to save the stronger, which will go on the offensive when the enemy weaken.
6. Due to the lack of sufficient mass ant is not able to be injured after falling from a height, even if you drop it from a plane.
5. The British biologist Sir John Lubbock (John Lubbock) in the 1800s had a number of interesting experiments on ants. He discovered that ants are drunk sober friends (members of the colony) back to the nest, while the aliens in the same circumstances are thrown into the water.
4. Ants parasitic species Solenopsis daguerrei penetrate the fire ants of the colony and kill the queen, taking her place. Worker ants, suspecting nothing, raising fake royal children, which eventually fly by infecting other ants colony.
3. The African ants under the funny name Sahara Desert ant (Cataglyphis bicolor) find a way back to the nest after foraging through "mathematical navigation." If there are no visual cues, they keep track of the direction and the distance is counted by an internal pedometer. Remembering how many steps have been taken in every direction, they then integrate available information and determine the shortest path.
Incidentally, the Sahara Desert ant - only terrestrial animal that can withstand temperatures above + 50 ° C.
2. Flying ants are not a separate species of ants, as many may think. Rather to say that this is the ants that are ready to mate. Soon after mating, they nevertheless die.
1. These ants are born only to mate queen and about once a year. The vast majority of the ants, which caught us on the eyes - it is barren, wingless ants working females.