What would Moscow, if the money ran out
• What would Moscow, if the money does not run out of
A couple of weeks ago, Prime Minister Medvedev said that the new parliamentary center in Moscow to build will not, because he has no more money.
To be honest, I was pleased with the news, but not because they ran out of money in the budget for the construction of new buildings. Just in the "competition" of the Parliamentary Center project would certainly have won a giant Brezhnev-Luzhkov "Mosproyekt-2", a clone of the Capitol in the style of "Russian neoclassicism" Lanfranco Cirillo. Choose between two evils did not want to. Fortunately, neither the first nor the second shit will not defile the appearance of the capital.
From the speech of Medvedev followed that by refusing a new residence Parliament only temporarily. But already the third in 20 years, a serious economic crisis in Russia, so that when we go down again on the Parliamentary Center, is unclear.
In fact, the cancellation of the construction of the Parliamentary Center - rare success. Usually the opposite is true: cool designs offered by the best architects in the world, for one reason or another are rejected or minimized at the stage of negotiation. But Moscow continues to grow into a new type of ugly buildings Voyentorg.
But let's imagine what would be Moscow, if the brightest projects (including disputes) in recent years it had been implemented.
More often than others to the implementation of ambitious projects in Moscow unlucky Briton Norman Foster. For example, he lost the opportunity to build in the Moscow City Tower "Russia", which was supposed to become the tallest building in Europe.
In 2006, the government agreed on a project to build 118-story skyscraper height of 612 meters, and a year later Luzhkov himself laid the foundation of the historical capsule, but soon came the financial crisis.
But the silhouette of the Moscow-City could be very different.
The tower "Russia" should be higher than the Ostankino ...
... but its construction was canceled in 2009. Although, perhaps, without the tower "Russia" Moscow City turned out quite elegant.
Another unusual project of Foster, which was never implemented - complex "Orange". He could replace CHA building on Krymsky Val. Imagine that all Serov worth it here.
The building was to combine part of the Tretyakov Gallery with the elite housing. The public is confused by the fact that the project ordered it by Elena Baturina, Luzhkov's wife.
Russian architects CHA defended and criticized the "Orange", saying that Moscow has "Dubai with houses still-life."
As a result, the CHA from "Muzeon" defended, and "Orange" has not grown either on Krymsky Val, or anywhere else.
Another object of the giant called "Crystal Island" could appear in Nagatinsky floodplain, near the avenue Andropov. The building had to accommodate 900 apartments, 3000 hotel rooms, an international school for 500 students and a huge underground car park. Especially for the complex were going to build a new subway station.
"Crystal Island" had become one of the tallest buildings in the world and thus partly to provide itself with energy at the expense of solar panels and wind turbines.
After the resignation of Luzhkov about the project safely forgotten.
At Foster did not work in Moscow, but turned in Astana. There's built like the architect of the concept of "Khan Shatyr". True, he is much more modest in size, only 150 meters high.
In 2008, it became known that Moscow may appear a building master of deconstruction of Frank Gehry.
It was about the construction of the hotel in Sadovaya-Samotochnoy street. It was assumed that the 17-storey building will consist of a similar cubic volumes. Unfortunately, it did not come even before rendering.
Next to the Moscow-City, on the ways of the Kiev railway, had to grow up a huge residential complex Paradise Living authorship Kionori Kikutake.
The project was not approved due to the fact that the house would have blocked the view of the Church of the Intercession in Fili.
Now at this point is still in the factory "Filikrovlya".
Zaha Hadid is also not spared the attention and come to Moscow Expocentre project. He was supposed to be built on the site of the present building Expocentre, near the Moscow-City.
In the horizontal extent had to stay in the exhibition halls.
The towers, which would become an extension of the silhouette Moscow City, designed as a hotel and apartments.
Between them planned to create air passages. The project, as you might imagine, was not approved.
Next to fosterovskim "Orange", to the left of the CHA, when viewed from the river on the "Muzeon", might appear unique residential complex "Russian avant-garde" by Erick van Egeraat. "I decided to work with the Russian artistic heritage, which glorified Russia in the twentieth century, I chose five artists and began to do the building, trying to interpret the styles of those artists that affect me personally that I emotionally important..", - told the Dutch architect. The complex consists of five towers 10 to 17 floors. Building architect devoted Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, Liubov Popova, Alexander Rodchenko and Alexandra Exter.
Cases "Popov" and "Malevich"
Cases "Rodchenko", "Exter" and "Kandinsky"
"Russian Avant-Garde", inscribed in the "Muzeon". Luzhkov himself at a meeting of the Public Council under Moscomarchitecture stated that this project is needed Moscow, but you need to choose a good place for him. It turned out that if the "Russian Avant-Garde" was built next to the CHA, it would spoil the view of the Church of St. John the Warrior on Yakimanka.
Views from the Moskva River
There were proposals to build "Russian avant-garde" in the Moscow-City, but the project was never realized.
The tower "Kandinsky"
Russian architects were keen to zero in the main commercial and industrial facilities. In the area of Victory Park, Poklonnaya between the street and the railroad, could appear a business center, designed in 2003, "Architectural bureau Timur Bashkaeva". From the explanatory note to the draft: "The complex consists of several office plates of varying heights, facing the end face to the street and having a different offset from the red line side of the building also have a complex layered structure similar to the composition of the whole complex all together it creates a complex self-similar structure similar.. affine to education. The empty space between the buildings plays an important role in the composition ie. a. no buildings and skyline of the complex is part of the image. "
Business Center "Sheremetyevo-2" in the presentation of "Triart 2000" Bureau (2006).
In the area of intersection of the highway and the Moscow Ring Road Enthusiasts had to build a shopping and entertainment center. This is the "ABC Group" project.
This is the same building in another embodiment.
Case building vast territory Rublevo Archangel.
The same area according to TPO "Reserve"
had to get the whole city. By the way, and the result, but the contest eventually won another project.
For many years in Moscow to discuss the possibility of building two-level road or roads on the roofs of the houses (so-called Straßenhaus). One of the first (back in the year 2005) to build a second tier of roads in the capital proposed to the former suburbs officials and businessmen, and now Ukrainian deputy Arkady Kornatsky.
Moscow, he saw a ...
Curly section ...
In general, megalomania has been a hallmark of many ambitious projects. Projected sports facilities, too, were rather big. This all-season sports center "Moscow Alps" ( "Kurortproekt", 2004). It should have been erected on the present site of the ski base "Kant" in the metro "Sermon".
It was assumed that there will be five "peaks", 18 ski runs with a capacity of more than 1,000 people, trampolines, hockey stadium, mountain bike trails and so on.
On the site of the present stadium "Moskvich" in the textile workers were going to build a database with a dedicated athletics stadium and arena (Mosproekt 4, 2008).