• The Soviet lemonade
Do not know about you, but I, and all of my friends, a drink in his childhood was lemonade. Exactly at that time we called all sweet soda. Species it was mass - with different tastes. The most popular types of lemonade from a child and I want to remember today.
And I'll start it with the "Lemonade" - the drink, whose name has become a household name. And rightly so. After all, his story is conducted from ancient times.
History lemonade as soft drink begins with 500-600 years BC. e. It was since then known lemon sorbets. True if the drinks were still not carbonated.
A carbonated lemon drink first became blagoradarya butler of King Louis I. Legend has it that the court cupbearer, presenting the monarch with a glass of noble wine, mixed casks of wine and juice. Finding the road to the royal table a terrible mistake, cupbearer added juice and mineral water, mentally saying goodbye to the white light, gave a new drink to King Louis I. bold experiments presented thus royal table drink, looks very similar to a light sparkling wine. Filling a glass of this wonderful fine drink accompanied by spectacular sound, resembling the noise of the sea or the magnificent waterfalls ... In all likelihood, these facts and inspired hapless butler and surprised at the question of the king: "What is it?", He answered without hesitation: "spritzer, Your Majesty." Drink obviously came to his Majesty's taste, and has since became known as spritzers "royal lemonade." In France in the XVII century lemonade all well prepared from water and lemon juice or lemon liqueur, but adding sugar. Often the basis for lemonade served mineral water that were brought to medical sources. But afford such an option could only drink lemon members of the aristocracy. Almost simultaneously with the French lemonade appeared in Italy. In this country, it was a lot more lemon trees and lemonade liked a variety of different ingredients - infusions of herbs and other fruits.
Artificially carbonated drinks began after in 1767 the English scientist Joseph Priestley was the first to dissolve the carbon dioxide in the water. He designed a saturator - an apparatus that allowed by the pump saturate carbonic water bubbles. So there was the world's first sparkling water.
In Russia, the first lemonade recipe brought Peter I of its European voyages. Famous diplomat Peter's epoch PA Tolstoy wrote that abroad "is more consumed in pityah lemonades ...". In contrast to all other foreign curiosities (smoking, shaving beards, coffee and some other news, not to use, in spite of all the efforts of the Emperor, especially popular), lemonade immediately came to the court. Commanded Peter "in the assemblies lemonade drink", and received the Russian nobility, for him and the merchant, and then by the other estates, had the opportunity to prepare this an expensive while drink.
At the beginning of the XX century to the lemonade, carbonated applied technology, bottling, and that was the beginning of his large-scale production. In the Soviet time in our country lemonade acquired the status of a national drink. At the same time, and it has been developed formulation of finished carbonated soft drinks, prepared with natural fruit-based, herbal extracts and sugar. In addition to pleasant taste, classic domestic beverages had excellent toning and regenerating properties.
The next drink I want to remember, "Citro". It's still probably my favorite drink is sweet Pops.
There is a version that Citro got into Russia after the war in 1812, and that the name of the drink comes from the word "citron" - "lemon".
In the USSR, the drink became popular due to rumors that the "real Citro" are served only in closed spetsbufetah and the Bolshoi Theater. With the advent of such a myth it is not surprising that some citizens went to the Bolshoi Theater to enjoy a glass of Citro
soda pop production technology was kept a closely guarded secret, and even today, it has remained essentially unchanged. For the manufacture of ale require ingredients such as sugar, soda, vanillin, citric acid, fruit syrup or citrus, various food additives, colourants, stabilizers and natural preservatives.
If the beverage is prepared according to the rules, it can bring substantial benefits the human body. The fact that the lemonade is preserved a unique vitamin and mineral composition of the feedstock. Of particular value, among the variety of elements are minerals (calcium, iron, fluorine, magnesium) to us, and vitamin C.
Another sweet pop of childhood - "cream soda"
Cream soda was invented almost half a century ago. The invention is credited with the student doctor Mitrofan Ishino. And in the Soviet Union, the drink got its spread thanks to Stalin, who loved to savor this dessert waters.
"Cream Soda" - one of the first fizzy drinks, which were formulated on the basis of soda (carbonated) water, which was invented at the end of the XVIII century, and whipped egg whites, hence the word "cream" in the name of the drink. In contrast to the lemonade, which is the primary basis of citric and sparkling component came with time, and historically is not mandatory, in the "Cream Soda" flavor component and sparkling water - the necessary and mandatory components.
Referring Mitrofan Ishino, you just need to remember one more popular in those years the drink - "Tarragon"
To learn the history of the original drink Tarragon need to move a couple of centuries ago in Georgia. Here in 1889 a young pharmacist and inventor Mitrofan Ishino for the first time made a drink based on sparkling water and natural essences from plants. The main focus of sweet drinks was placed on the grass tarragon, quite popular plant with a spicy aroma. The common people this weed called simply - tarragon, it was he who gave the name to the world famous drink in the latter.
Even before the First World War, the original drink Tarragon brought entrepreneur Lagidze many awards and prizes of international importance. However, in the Soviet Union it has become a popular drink Tarragon only years later - the mass production of delicious soda began only in 1981. Pilot batch of the drink, poured into glass bottles of 0.33 liters, was offered for sale in the Main Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciences of the USSR and enthusiastically accepted by visitors. A couple of years later, in 1983, the secret recipe Tarragon drink was handed to all enterprises engaged in production and sale of soft drinks in the territory of the Union republics. Since soda became available to all residents of the Soviet Union.
Carbonated water "Pinocchio" - the most common non-alcoholic soft drink in the USSR
Drink "Pinocchio" has never been a scarce commodity. He produced "Pinocchio" in all Soviet republics on a single technology. The beverage production not applied artificial colorants and preservatives. This "Pinocchio" had a shelf life of no more than seven days. At the bottom of the bottle could fall natural sediment.
Soda poured into glass bottles of 0, 5 liters. Bottle sealed with a tin lid. On the semi-circular labels, glue on the top of the bottle, depicted fairy tale character Pinocchio.
"Pinocchio" had a clear golden color, pleasant sweet-sour taste, characteristic effervescent quality. The drink cost 10 cents, excluding the price of glass.
In 1973, as a competitive analogue Cola was created drink "Baikal"
It was probably the most popular and quite deficient carbonated beverage in the late 70's - early 80-ies of the last century
Mass he was sold before the Moscow Olympics-80. I drink almost immediately gained wide popularity. Composition of "lake" advantageously different beverage from Western counterparts: besides the traditional water, sugar, citric acid was added thereto Hypericum extract, liquorice and Eleutherococcus. A essential oils: eucalyptus, lemon, laurel and fir.
This is certainly not all soft drinks in those years. There were still "Sayan".
"Bell", "Krushon", "Apple", "Grushovaya", "Orange", "Bee" and many other flavors
And at us in the wonderful Georgian selling lemonade
"Arad", "Tbilisi", "Bakhmaro", "Isindi" and even some, I do not remember.
Talking about lemonade, not to mention two more drink, very popular in those days. This of course "Pepsi".
and a "phantom"
But since then it was not just the deficit and the deficit with a capital letter - big competition these beverages did not. "Pepsi" though occasionally imported to us - still remember. Transparent bottle of 0, 33 to 45 cents. It flew at the time. But the "phantom" the first time I tried it during a trip to Moscow. It is up to Kislovodsk for some reason did not reach.
And remembered soda, not to mention water dispensers. They then stood around.
For 1 penny you could drink clean water with gas, and 3 pennies with some syrup (mostly some citrus). Fans sweeter sacrificed two treshki - and poured a double syrup.