Megasooruzheniya USSR. A giant underground refrigerator
• Megasooruzheniya USSR. A giant underground refrigerator
This country certainly never win ...
Can you imagine a fridge, which fits 200 cars products? Yes, and the underground? And not just underground and carved into the rock ...
Such refrigerator exists. Where? Of course, in Russian.
It left a legacy of the colossus called the Soviet Union.
Yeah, then do not waste time on trifles. If that and build it with a giant scale. So that all ohreneli of scale ...
Do you know why it was built? It was one of the strategic reserve storage products in the Soviet Union in case of war. 16,400 tons of food ...
This crazy refrigerator is located on the outskirts of Samara, in a very inconspicuous place. Not knowing about it, you can drive past dozens of times and did not pay attention to the wretched two-storey red brick building. Meanwhile, it is not such a simple building ...
It is located at the foot of the mountain falcons that mountain and it is not called ... Meanwhile, here you can see a strange very long loading ramp, about which in our time is always worth the wagon ... But stores also can not see .. . what is the ramp?
In fact, this is the entrance to the famous Samara underground refrigerator, in Soviet times was called "Samara Khladokombinat №2". Locals call it Krasnoglinskaya refrigerator.
Evaluated the length of the ramp? Refrigerator truly gigantic.
I wonder what about the unique underground refrigerator, located in the mountains Sokol, heard every citizen of Samara region. But visit it in all the years of its existence was lucky enough units. Only in recent years, guys enthusiasts were able to establish guided tours in the cave and, in principle, can now get here any doing. This is despite the fact that the refrigerator continues to remain in force, although there are more and kept the country's strategic reserve.
Initially, it was mining, which produces crushed stone, rubble stone and dolomite flour. We built them prisoners in the late 1930's. In 1939, work was completed on the limestone mining in underground mines, and they were equipped with storage of fish products. The fish was to feed the prisoners, who during the war worked on the construction of industrial and other facilities in the capital reserve -. Kuibyshev. After the war, the giant tunnels, it was decided to arrange a secret ammunition storage, which began brought here from across the country. I do not know what a clever brain to make this decision, but the missiles were taken away as quickly as they brought - on the equipment immediately appeared traces of corrosion due to moisture inherent in these dungeons. In 1958 by the decision of the Economic Council dug tunnels were transferred Rosmyasrybtorgu, and in some rooms began installing refrigeration equipment.
The total capacity of all the halls and corridors amounted to 16,400 tons (it is 200 cars)! From all over the Soviet Union were brought here fish, canned meat products. So there was a state enterprise "Samara Khladokombinat №2" - one of the oldest in the former USSR distribution "refrigerators". Products are kept strictly for guests, and closer to the expiration of the deadline of their validity distributed in retail chains, filling the vacated space fresh.
The latest batch of Soviet products - 300 tonnes of butter - here were taken in 1992, after which the company actually ceased to perform the function of state strategic reservist. In 1997, with the advent of privatization it was renamed in OJSC "Cold". To survive in those hard times, we are engaged in the production - made ice cream, worked smokehouse and bakery. But the company went bankrupt. Now the refrigerator continues to operate, the truth is only a part of its tunnels (actually cooled only 20% of the underground space). Where food products are stored various private companies, brokerage companies, and some retail chains.
Modern refrigeration equipment running on freon.
It serves lockable chamber in which the temperature is kept -26.
Of course, the most interesting thing in this place - the abandoned tunnels. They are here for a an incredible amount and to get lost in them worthless.
Column left visible, since the remaining quarries and on the right wall erected and later chilled compartment dissociate themselves.
This gallery is adjacent to one of the refrigerated chamber. Because of this, the gallery wall is covered with a thick layer of ice and rotten logs under your feet like watered frozen foam.
to be killed here - time to spit.
I love such places!
Go to the gallery, where he once kept those same rusted shells.
A transport tunnel, invested in the creation of artillery depots here in 1950.
On the way across the niche, from top to bottom pocketed old barrels.
In these barrels stored salted fish, which was part of the diet of prisoners Samaralaga and Bezymyanlaga. During the war, Kuibyshev became a reserve capital of the USSR, in connection with which needed a lot of hands on numerous construction sites.
Then the gallery more interesting.
One of the cameras, in which the shells were stored for long
Now they are empty, but not abandoned.
And this is one of the cameras, which store a strategic reserve of food. It acts here and now and even today you can deliver supplies if necessary.
According to these pipes to circulate the cooled brine ...!
In this chamber from 1962 to 1990 stored butter. Now the entrance beside it was frozen so that only one valve is opened
Within the realm of permafrost.
Over the years, the walls of the mountain using the appliance promorzli depth of 10 meters and a huge ice crystals grown on the arches.
In some places there are even ice stalagmites.
And these signs appeared on the cameras for a reason.
Once, during the operation of the refrigerator, one of the working end of shift accidentally locked in the chamber with a temperature of -18 degrees. This story ended happily, work has survived only thanks to the fact that all night warmed by dragging heavy carcasses.
In the morning, open the camera, he was almost exhausted due to 12-hour shifts for shifting of carcasses. But living ...