What is the deepest mine in Russia
• What is the deepest mine in Russia
Part of the company RUSAL North Urals Bauxite Mine (SUBR) is a leading company in the production of bauxite - the raw material for smelting aluminum, arriving on alumina and aluminum plants. On Severouralsk mines account for more than 70% of the bauxite mined in Russia.
In 2015 there was put into operation the deepest Russian mine - "Cheromuhovskaya-Deep." The depth of its production is 1500 meters. Who runs the first of three planned launch complexes.
Mine "Kalinskaya". The descent of the miners in the stand at 4 meters per second.
Severouralsk - a small mining town in the Sverdlovsk region, approximately 500 km from Ekaterinburg. The city stands on a large deposit of bauxite ore, by the way, the oldest in the world - their age is over 350 million years. They city and owes its appearance: after 30 years of the last century, it was discovered bauxite deposit, set up a special company to develop it - "North Urals Bauxite Mine" (SUBR). That it was and still is the main enterprise of Severouralsk.
Almost like the height of the world's tallest building, Dubai's Burj Khalifa, only down. At the moment SUBR four operating mines: "Cheremukhovskoye", "Kalinskaya", "New Kalinskaya", "Little Red Riding Hood."
Severouralsk bauxite deposits go down from west to east. Following them every year more and more deeply into the ground, "bite" SUBR rock faces. Since the development of the underground are at an angle, to get to the desired horizon is necessary for a long time - at least 40 minutes. Moreover, the different modes of transport.
The total length of railways in underground horizons SUBR - more than 40 kilometers. From the vertical shaft to pad biases move on crosscut shred. Further, transplanted to SKSU - SCIP-stand building slope for people and goods.
It is possible to overcome another 200 meters down. If there are problems with pressure or suffer from claustrophobia - the mine is nothing.
Exit on the horizon minus 950 meters.
To get to the faces and back, sometimes for a change of the miners go on foot through the mine workings of 5-10 km.
Ankeroustanovochnaya machine Sandvik.
The photo shows the anchor polymer lining: metal rods (anchors) with a special polymer formulation is fixed in the pre-drilled wells (boreholes). To further enhance the use lagging - a piece of wood. This design prevents generation vaults from breaking.
While ankeroustanovschik strengthens the production of separation and destruction of the drilling rig is preparing to face another blasting.
In order to maintain a stable temperature in the shaft (7 degrees), and importantly, to fill it with air, the entire length of the ventilation system are located.
loader (PDM) makes cleaning the rock mass. Bauxite has a characteristic red hue.
Reset ore in rudoperepusk.
Overload ore in the dump.
Next dumper discharged into storage bin for further transportation of ore in trolleys to the vertical shaft.
For the penetration of preparatory mine workings used hand tools - hammer. To work with him and the force needed earplugs. Weight perforator not less than 50 kilograms.
Severouralsk bauxite mines - the oldest in the world: they are more than 350 million years.
Until the next horizon miners delivers MDK - monokonatnaya chairlift, which resembles the yoke on the slopes.
At an angle of about 29 degrees is necessary to drive about 200 meters.
All exactly like a ski resort, just under the ground.
In the past, the North Urals Bauxite Mine said the 80-year anniversary. Over the years, the company has extracted 220 million tons of bauxite, and its underground miners were covered 2, 4 ths. Km of mine workings.
The turn to the vertical trunk and out to the surface.
"Cheromuhovskaya-Deep" is the first mine opened in the Urals over the past 10 years. For Severouralsk and neighboring Krasnoturyinsk where the Theological aluminum smelter RUSAL sent 95% of mined bauxite mine is opening more than 30 years of stable production. Every day working at a depth of over 1240 meters will be 300 people.
Height copra "Cheremukhovskoye-Deep" is greater than 90 meters, is the highest for today at SUBR Koper.
It will be located just three lifting machines - one for waste rock, the second - for the ore and the third - for the transportation of people. "Cheremukhovskoye-Deep" after the discovery was the deepest mine in Russia and entered the top five of the deepest mines in the world. Depth of the mine with a tower on the surface of copra is 1, 5 km.
Under the roof of copra installed lifting machine, weighing 120 tons, with a capacity of 5 MW and a diameter of 5 meters.
and a half kilometer down.
Severouralsk field is extremely flooded. Because of this, all the rivers and streams in the neighborhood collected in concrete beach - a total length of 73 km. However, the mines still gets a lot of water - pumping stations SUBR daily pumped out of the ground 380 thousand cubic meters of water.. This is comparable with the consumption of one millionth of the city.
Horizon "-1040m." - is the depth relative to sea level, but in fact it is 200 meters below underground - at a depth of over 1,200 meters.
Construction "Cheremukhovskoye-Deep" began in the Soviet era, in the '90s because of the crisis work has been frozen, resumed only in the 2005th. In 2015, we put into operation the first phase of a new mine "Cheromuhovskaya-Deep." Starting the second and third stage is planned in 2016 and 2017.
It is planned to produce more than 1 million tons of bauxite per year (reserves of about 40 million tons). It was the object to provide aluminum for 30 years - a strategic reserve of the country.
While in the mine not crowded (we write together), but when the next year it will reach its full capacity, there will be work more than 300 people.
mechanism of the three lifts will be used in the mine. This will help to reduce by 15% the cost of production. The diameter of the trunk - 8 meters. Due to such large diameter it can accommodate two dispensing lifting ore and rock to the surface, and a third lift for lowering / lifting of people and goods.