As he lived 20 years ago the world
In 1994, humanity used to living in a new unipolar world. Global geopolitical upheavals abroad 1980s / 1990s are behind us, the West triumphed in the cold war, announcing the final victory of their values over all other ideologies. According to Fukuyama, it meant "the end of history", but the story did not even think to end!
In Russia, flew to his apogee "dashing 1990s." Casual workers continued to systematically kill the remnants of the country, renting expensive "Western friends" foreign policy positions on any issue. The then Minister of Foreign Affairs for their accommodating got the nickname in the West, "Mr. Jess", as opposed to its predecessor, the Soviet "Mr. Know" (Gromyko).
The main symbol of Russia's geopolitical retreat in 1994 was the completion of the withdrawal of troops from the territory of the former East Germany. It is joyful for the Germans and the entire NATO event was marked by a festive parade in Berlin, at which most amused Yeltsin (title picture).
Germans helped to lift the mood of the Russian leader. Bottoms Up!
The final event of the geopolitical unit in the former USSR. In 1994 Budapest memorandum was signed, under which, in exchange for giving up nuclear weapons to guarantee Ukraine's territorial integrity. At the signing ceremony:
If Ukraine in 1994 have continued to issue a "civilized divorce", then Belarus has already started to build a new "community." The new president, while still fairly young Lukashenko, had both hands on the reintegration. Alexander Lukashenko takes the oath, July 20, 1994:
Instead of dispersed and shot the Supreme Soviet in Moscow began to sit disenfranchised by the State Duma and the Federation Council of the obedient.
But intellectuals enjoyed unprecedented freedom! A kind of "certificate" that the country was finally "become free," was returning to her "a living classic." May 27, 1994 the writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn and his wife Natalia Svetlov went down the gangway of the plane at the airport in Magadan after 20 years of living abroad.
And the other "living classic" shoot "Burnt by the Sun":
In the Russian economy it was not as fun as in the movie. The Black Tuesday October 11, 1994 US dollar per day has increased from 2833 to 3926 rubles:
Russia clumsily mastered the laws of market economy. Even the central streets of Russian cities resembled a flea market. Theater Lane in Moscow, 1994:
The most vivid memory of that time is the epic Ponzi scheme. In the first half of the year from any iron in the country can be heard ad JSC "MMM". The main character of commercials MMM Lenya Golubkov became in 1994 Person of the Year, with outstripped in the rating by as much as ten points to Russian President Boris Yeltsin:
collapse came at the end of July. Millions of "not freeloaders, and partners" left holding the bag. Someone without apartments. The central office of JSC "MMM" on Warsaw Highway 1994:
The massive destruction of savers and could have ended the uprising in Albania of 1997, but all the pairs of the people had already been launched in the early 1990s and still limited to individual acts of protest. The building of the Interior Ministry in Moscow, August 11, 1994:
But not all drowned in the muddy waters of market freedom. In 1994, finally formed the concept of the "new Russian", semi-criminal nouveau riche in crimson jackets. And in 1994, we have already appeared the coolest mobile phones!
In 1994, it was registered the domain name Ru on the Internet, but then only a few know about it.
In 1994, they are increasingly talking about a high-profile contract killings and gang violence. Shooting in the streets - are not uncommon. In the yard, "dashing 90"! A typical scene of the detention of some gangs in Moscow May 13, 1994:
At the end of the year all the pathos of goofy, but a peaceful life, "the new, democratic Russia" was broken on the first Chechen war. Then everything began so: they wanted to resolve the issue with Dudayev gantemirovskih hands of militias and volunteer tank. But this idea is completely inept and failed, had to officially throw into battle the Russian army.
Russian soldiers waiting for orders is 20 kilometers from the Chechen border December 11, 1994:
In the Achkhoy-Martan they are waiting Dudayev, December 17, 1994:
Ahead was hell. But for someone th 1994 remain the best and unforgettable in a life full of hope, daring, and first successes.
... and the rest of the world
Man of the year, of course, was Nelson Mandela. After 27 years in prison indomitable fighter against apartheid led the Republic of South Africa, to complete the process of peaceful transition to non-racial democracy. His triumphant election as head of state was as if the final chord of "global democratic revolution" the turn of the 1980s / 1990s, which for 5 years of regime change by more than 60 countries around the world! Unity and continuity of the country's symbol of photography, where President Mandela holding the hand of Vice-President de Klerk immediately after the inauguration ceremony of May 10, 1994 in Pretoria:
Mandela was not just one of the popular African leaders. He became a megastar and favorite of the world democratic community. South African President Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg Whitney Houston November 10, 1994, photo Juda Ngwenya:
The main tragedy of 1994 was the genocide in Rwanda, where tribal enmity between Hutus and Tutsis resulted in a terrible massacre. The number of dead was 100 days on different data from 500 000 to 1.03 million people, of whom approximately 10% were Hutus.
I will not publish here the well-known pictures from the mountains of human bodies, hacked with machetes and hoes. Much more to say that a picture with a crowd of Hutu militias, accompanied by a French military patrol.
As in the Balkans, the Western "peacekeepers" have played in the Rwandan tragedy extremely shameful role, cowardly or indifferent looking the part in the massacre of unarmed citizens.
Wikipedia states that "the rate of killings in Rwanda five times the rate of homicide in the German death camps during the Second World War. End to the killing of Tutsis marked the onset of the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front. "
This is the only case since the Second World War, when the genocide was officially recognized by the international community. Rwandan refugees:
In Algeria in 1994, it was a civil war with the Islamists. This little-known war will become a kind of forerunner of modern wars against radical Islamism. One-third of the Algerians were in favor of an Islamic state, one third - for the secular. The military took the side of the second and annulled the Islamist victory in the election that marked the beginning of many years of armed confrontation.
Another great tragedy in 1994 - the death of the ferry "Estonia" in the Baltic Sea. He sank on the night of September 27 to September 28, as a result of the collapse of the missing 757 people and killed 95 of the 989 people on board the passengers and crew. It is Europe's largest shipwreck in peacetime.
Even those who have managed to leave the ship and get on the raft continued to die from hypothermia and shock:
The official cause of the accident was that the locks 50-ton colossus bow ramp / visor, did not survive the shock waves of oncoming storm. However, many still believe that the ferry was deliberately destroyed by sabotage linked to some secret cargo on board.
18 November visor got from the sea bottom:
In North Korea in July 1994 dies Kim Il Sung, North Korea's unchallenged leader since 1948.
May 6, 1994 completed one of the biggest building projects of the 20th century - opened a tunnel under the English Channel:
England - is no longer an island! British queen is sent to the Eurostar train to Paris:
On the other side of the world just turns around the other large-scale construction project - the creation of the new city of skyscrapers in Shanghai's Pudong district. For the Chinese, it is still a point of reference. beginning of a new era. Even cards issued:
20 years ago, there in the midst of plowed bulldozers wasteland only sticking tower "Oriental Pearl", and now there's this:
In the world of cinema culture this time, it noted almost unchallenged dominance of Hollywood. 1994 brought several cult films. "Forrest Gump" preaching liberal humanistic values:
"Pulp Fiction" aestheticizes gangster mayhem:
The French are trying to keep up with the Americans with bloody killerskoy drama "Leon" ( "Professional"):
In 1994, the business model goes top British fashion model Kate Moss, who became one of the symbols of the new style - unisex. Fashion world is a wave of androgyny - blurring differences between men and women in the appearance (thin thin body, long hair, the same clothes).
Here's a snapshot Moss for Harpers Bazaar in 1994:
Of course, this is only a small shtrishki to the portrait of an unforgettable 94th.