Excursion to Italian castle Sammetstsano
• Excursion in Italian castle Sammetstsano
"Atypical for Italy Castle in the Moorish style is strikingly beautiful. And more surprising about it, few people know, even among the Italians themselves. The castle Sammetstsano difficult to get, but the resulting experience will be worth all the effort "
This castle resembles probably sleep Shamahanskaya queen, because surely only a luxurious and very sophisticated woman would have dreamed such a thing! Eastern box, unseen spices, opium intoxication - that's what probably can be compared to such an incredible sight. It seems necessary to blink, and the mirage will dissipate. The eye catches it in one, over the other part, and from the variety of colors is breathtaking. Italian castle Sammetstsano (Castello di Sammezzano) will surprise even the most refined audience.
Let's look at it more ...
Sammetstsano Castle (Castello di Sammezzano) belongs to the Italian-British company called "Sammezzano Castle Spa". It is closed for more than twenty years (in the 80s of the last century there was located a hotel with 18 rooms) in anticipation of the implementation of an ambitious and expensive project for its reconstruction.
Over recent years, in cooperation with the owners of the castle and a voluntary organization with Lecce was exclusively open to the public in connection with the local festivities - La Sagra di Penko and Corsa Poddistika Marniatona. On holidays many visitors came from all over Italy. As of old tales, remembered every time a new story: who is married, who spent their honeymoon, who remembers the castle when I was a kid ... In general, many more remember locking Sammetstsano. On the other hand very few people know anything about the person who sold it - Marquise Ferdinando Panchiatiki Ksimenese Aragon (Ferdinando Panciatichi Ximenes d'Aragona), born in Florence, March 10, 1813 ...
The Marquis was (without higher education), architect, engineer, botanist (in 1864 buys the first tree for 224 lira - a considerable sum in those days), bibliophile, entrepreneurs, politicians and intellectuals; He helped and was patron of the most important cultural institutions of Florence: Accademia di Bella Arti, Bardzhello Museum, the Uffizi, the Academy Georgofilov, Tuscan Vegetable Society. Also, by donating part of their archives, he made a significant contribution to the creation of the National Library.
Lovely connoisseur of Dante, in 1865 was elected president of the organizing committee for the centenary of the poet's birth. In Florence, the capital of Italy is rapidly growing new neighborhoods, and some (eg, La Mattonayya) settled on his land, Panchiatiki Palace (now the building of the regional administration of Tuscany) and the Palace Ksimenes in Borgo Pinti - also a former property of the Marquis. Although today few people know about it ...
In Florence - the capital of Italy, remains closed and the provincial, he looked much farther to the east, where I saw the roots of the Renaissance. Message, enclosed in the colors and shapes of the castle, much of modern and contemporary. Vividly convey the beauty and functionality of the architecture, the relationship between East and West, political decline, freedom and flight of human thought ...
Erected in 780, for the centuries of the castle belonged to the king of France and Lombards, and Holy Roman Emperor Carlo Magno (Carlo Magno), the Florentine family Gualterotti (Gualtierotti), the Medici, as well as one of the richest families in Italy of his time Ximenez d ' Aragon (Ximenes d'Aragona) and, finally, the family Panchiatiki (Panciatichi). For historical summaries of 780 in the castle of the customer Carlo Magno, along with his wife, son, and King Umberto I. Many centuries later, the building passed into the possession of the Florentine family Gualterotti until 1488. After a while the castle acquired by Giovanni de 'Medici.
In 1564, Grand Duke Cosimo I de 'Medici created the so-called Reserve Sammertsano: a vast space, including a large part of the present territory of the commune of Reggello, which was forbidden to fish and hunt without a special permit.
In 1605 the family bought the castle Sammertsano Ximenez d'Aragona, and in 1816 he inherited moved to Panchiatiki. The current appearance of the castle is due to Ferdinando Panchiatiki Ximenez d'Aragona (Ferdinando Panciatichi Ximenes d'Aragona). Becoming both the customer and the architect, in 1853, he rebuilt the citadel Sammertsano in the Moorish style. Now its facade resembles the famous Taj Mahal, and interiors with an abundance of decorative stucco date back to the image of the castle Alhambra (Alhambra), in Granada. By the way, guard house, located in Sammertsano park was also designed Panchiatiki and in the style of the castle.
There are 365 rooms, the number of days in the year inside the castle. There is a white room, peacocks, lilies, stalactites, Spanish bowls, lounge lovers.
The interweaving of both large and small spaces are lost a lot of niches, hidden corners and unexpectedly spacious galleries. Windows, columns, mazes of corridors ... capitals, arches and domes - my head is spinning. Each room is special, none are alike and each tends to stand out with originality and refinement.
But miracles are not limited to the interior of the castle. Sammertsano castle surrounded by a park, which is considered one of the largest and most beautiful in Tuscany. All the same Panchiatiki planted here many exotic and rare plants. However, until now it remained, unfortunately, not all. But the special pride of the park are the giant sequoias height of more than thirty-five meters, one of which bore about ten meters in diameter. Panchiatiki decorated park compositions in the Moorish style. Elegant bridge, a cave with a statue of Venus, filled with water, vases, fountains ... Several statues were later moved to Florence in the palace Ximenez. To date, the park - the only place, freely accessible to the public in Sammetstsano.
The park, one of the largest in Tuscany, was defeated in the mid-18th century. Ferdinand Panchiatiki on the territory of his possessions. It was planted a great number of exotic wood species, such as redwood, and other resinous American trees, and architectural image of the park has been implemented with Moorish elements: bridge, an artificial cave (with Venus statue), swimming pools, fountains and other decorative articles terracotta. Only a small part of the plant of the 18th century has survived to the present day: already in 1890, out of 134 species of plants, planted a few decades ago, there are only 37. Only recently have started again to grow some of the plants, which are forgotten in the process of restoration. Here again grow araucaria, redwood, arborvitae, yews, cypress, pine, fir, palm, yucca, oak, maple, pine, cedar of Lebanon, frame, ash, juniper, acacia, lime and many other valuable plants. The park has represented the largest group of giant sequoias in Italy- 57 mature trees, each tree is more than 35 meters
After the war, a luxury hotel located in the building, while now, in spite of the sale by auction of the palace in 1999, and some restoration work, prodelanye urgently, it undeservedly forgotten. However, in April 2012, it was founded by the Committee FPXA 1813-2013 (FPXA - short for Ferdinando Panciatichi Ximenes d'Aragona), one of whose objectives popularization and improvement Sametstsano castle.
Flowers and geometric shapes, carved lattice and ceilings, canopies inside. Ancient red brick walls and a dome shaped like a fig, - outside. The huge bell on the roof and a fantastic garden at the foot. It looks like one of the most amazing castles in the world, who is, unfortunately, in ruins and almost forgotten by tourists. It remains to believe that soon this wonder of the world fall into the hands of the connoisseur and the castle Sammetstsano heal full and rich life!