Red Arrows aerobatic team
• display team Red Arrows
British aerobatic team Red Arrows (Red Arrows) this year celebrates its 50 th season of demonstration performances, and the next - the 50th anniversary of the birth of the group. Now Red Arrows aerobatic are the main group of the British Royal Air Force (RAF - Royal Airforce) and are based in rural northeastern British wilderness - at Scampton airfield.
base year is 1965 and the first demonstration performance Red Arrows to reporters held May 6, 1965 at a military base in France in the city of Clermont-Ferrand. At home aerobatic team Red Arrows performed a week later, on May 15th.
Before 1979 flew on airplanes Red Arrows Folland Gnat (mosquitoes). Now it's BAE Hawk T1 training aircraft.
planes in a group of nine, they always appear in this format.
I wonder how pilots recruited to the group. All pilots - volunteers (ie voluntarily submit applications to become pilots Red Arrows). Contest 10 people in place. Every time gaining three drivers to replace three outgoing. The service life of three years, too.
A candidate for Arrows should swoop in combat 1,500 hours on the Tornado, Harrier and Typhoon and get scores above the national average in order to apply. Gaining three pilots a year - they replace three outgoing from the service of pilots and it turns out that every three years the entire team of pilots is updated. Well, almost all.
The only one who is six years old, it's Boss - leader of the group. He must first serve a 3-year, as a line pilot Red Arrows. And almost always the boss - one of the two interpreters. Simultaneous interpreter - a separate role for a year for the pilot.
have no spare Arrows pilots as backup will not be able to bump the required number of hours and will not know all the fine features of the program. If the Boss can not fly, for whatever reasons, then it canceled all the performance as a whole. If the fall is one of the line, the band performs.
All pilots fly entire season under a particular number, change is possible only in the offseason. Practice is from October to April. Pilots wear green costumes during workouts and red during performances.
New pilots always fly for Boss (second row, center), as it is necessary for more rapid recruitment experience. The farther from the boss, the more experienced pilot.
The "diamond" figure the distance between the aircraft, depending on the weather conditions can be up to 2 meters. If the plane shakes, the pilots in the following formations (extreme left and right) firmly instructed to trust the pilot of the aircraft, which is sausage, and hold the line, do not shift position.
Every pilot knows that, no matter how the plane was shaking, the guys next to not move a centimeter. In case of contact, even if all remain alive, the pilot of "guilty of the aircraft" forever leave the team.
The pilots do not change the way - if you went to serve in the right side of the formation, so stayed there. The only exception is Red-Red-6, and 7 - interpreters, flying separately.
For the performances the new pilot is required to perform 250 training flights on the set of the winter until April, when all the pilots every year pass special examinations PDA (public display assessment).
While the group has no reserve driver, there is a Red-10 - the pilot of a spare machine. He always flies with the group on the demonstrations in the event of failure of one of the planes on the ground, but never takes part in the exhibition program. He also plays the role of supervisor and the pilot cameraman or photographer for flight videos and pictures and he also usually works as a commentator during a speech Arrows.
Pilots always call each other 1 Red-Red-Red-2 ... 9.
Red 1-5 called Enid (author name "Famous Five"), Red 6-9 - Gypo (the nickname of one of the first pilots Red Arrows).
The first part of the show group flying together in the second part is divided into two parts.
Red 1-5 Enid fly in formation, while Red 6-9 Gypo perform more complex shapes.
Red-6 Syncro-leader and Red-7 Synchro-2 makes several flights "head-on" or a counter-maneuvers.
On the role of the Red-7 Synchro-2 is always selected the pilot of the second year of service - the best of the three first years.
Go sevenfold, while interpreters after counter maneuvers a thing of the zone.
display team Red Arrows during the existence acted with demonstration flights of more than 4000 times. At the end of 2009 there were 4269, they perform at least nine times a year, not including custom appearances. So feel free to add 50 more.
In 2010, one of the pilots was a woman: Lieutenant Kirsty Stewart, 33 years old, but flew only a year, were laid off - in 2012 the group was cut to seven aircraft, despite a fresh set. Not enough time to retrain for new pilots.
Performing Red Arrows are not free. The first time the Ministry of Defense has taken in the amount of £ 200 fee in 1977 for speaking out, and in 2000 already increased the payment to ... 2000 pounds. In 2011, already 9,000 pounds per performance.
Red Arrows performed at German air show 170 times since the beginning of creation until 1988. More in Germany were due to legislative prohibition of aerial acrobatics in Germany after the tragedy at Ramstein Air Base when the crowd fell two aircraft collided Italian Air Force Frecce Tricolori.
Red Arrows categorically do not fly over large crowds and a specially planned maneuvers so as not to fall into the crowd.
One of the most difficult maneuvers - spiral.
Long-distance Red Arrows fly at an altitude of 11 to 13 thousand. Meters and sometimes take more than one spare aircraft. Also over long distances with the team flies the Hercules C-130 spare parts for aircraft. If necessary refueling on the ground.
For example, in Canada fly with six fill-ups, Scotland, Finland, Greenland and Newfoundland (apparently somewhere two refueling may Greenland, for example).
The white smoke is obtained from the intake of diesel fuel into the exhaust system.
For blue and white smoke mixed dye diesel is at the bottom in three tanks - 230 liters for the white smoke, and two tanks of 45 liters for the blue and red.
Consumption of diesel smoke - 45 liters per minute.
Total each aircraft can smoke white smoke 5 minutes and 1 minute, blue and red.
At the bottom is seen released airbrake. It is necessary to control the speed of the speech. If the brake fails, the aircraft immediately sent to the ground and continue to speak without it.
In the pilot group have two programs: "flat" for the cloud and the British "high" for the international show. The "high" program 24 maneuver, every season a few maneuvers changing.
In 2004, the group were thinking to close due to too high costs of content - 6 million pounds (9 pilots plus about 120 services, including technicians). Still, they thought better of it and the national heritage left to live and to please the audience.