10 most bizarre flying machines
The invention of aircraft - one of the greatest events in the history of mankind. Aviation and aeronautics industries have always been considered that challenge insurmountable problems and offer radically new solutions. But the aircraft listed below may surprise even the most experienced.
Convair V2 Sea Dart
the pilot work is not always limited to simple planes. A fighter control, which can land on water in the middle of the ocean, turning the pilot still in the driver's giant water bike.
Convair Sea Dart - an experimental American fighter designed in 1951 as a prototype for a supersonic seaplane.
It was equipped with a waterproof casing and the two hydrofoils. Convair Sea Dart was taken out of production after an accident with fatal consequences.
However, before that, under the control of Sam Shannon, this aircraft became the first (and only today) seaplane, broke the sound barrier.
When the largest tire manufacturer is trying to do aviation, it remains only expect something unusual.
In 1959, Goodyear Tire extraordinary answer to the market requirements of the supply of compact aircraft. Inflatable plane with an open cockpit was completely made of rubber, with the exception of the motor and electrical control cables.
Airplane easy fit in the box of one meter in length and easily inflated using a conventional pump for bicycles. This machine has made the present furore aerodynamic once flew into the air.
Unfortunately, the company failed to convince the military to take the aircraft into service, when it turned out that it's easy to knock down with the help of a bullet or even a good slingshot.
NASA's Aircraft A1 Pivot-Wing
With the advent of the airplane NASA A1 Pivot-Wing standard strangeness of aircraft has been raised to a new level.
The aircraft was developed in the early 1980s to test the rotary wing theory. He had a long wing that rotate at an angle to the point where the right-hand extremity of the wing is not exerted parallel to the cockpit.
This was an unusual and innovative design has been hidden attempt to neutralize the influence of turbulence and increased streamlining.
The plane was surprisingly good number of tests, but the results were not as impressive to approve mass production. However, modern UAVs are designed based on this model.
Vought V-173 was developed in 1942 as a prototype vessel with vertical takeoff and landing, as well as the ability to intercept enemy fighters directly from the aircraft carrier.
A strange design of the first test pilots called him "Flying Pancake". He had a fuselage almost right round shape, which also served as the wings for the aircraft.
Two engine supports a huge propellers that do not touch the ground only because of exaggerated size landing gear, and the power supply system is located on the ends of the wings (as opposed to all existing planes).
Limited demand and accident decided the fate of this project, but it served as the progenitor for the famous jet VTOL Herrier (Harrier Jet).
Bell P -39 Aircobra
Sometimes the experts need to be engaged in what they are well versed.
During the Second World War, the company Bell Helicopters has created a powerful, super-maneuverable fighter with excellent opportunities to strike both ground and air targets.
Most aircraft engines are arranged in front of the cockpit. However, as a company for manufacture of helicopters, Bell created the hull with the engine located behind this cabin. This design provides an extraordinary aircraft capacity and a long shaft rotating propeller at the front. But the construction of housing around the power source, like a helicopter, led to an unusual center of gravity. Therefore, some of them even broke the enemy without firing a shot
Yet, with the help of this air "Cobra" Soviet troops were shot down more enemy aircraft than with any other American aircraft produced by Land - Lease.
the SR 71 "Blackbird"
Even before the era of universal satellite technology was created SR 71 "Blackbird" - a first-class reconnaissance aircraft with unprecedented speed, strength and ability to reach the stratosphere
Terrible, almost alien, this aircraft had a fantastic abilities. However, strange idea of special leaky fuel tanks leaked explosive jet fuel, while heat (t = 482 ° C), caused by friction does not seal them.
When the plane reached a height of almost 10,000 meters and speed of almost 5000 km / h, Cabin surface began to glow bright red. Terrific view from the outside was no better inside, where in the cabin with asbestos insulation was a pilot.
Even the lamp cabin is heated to a temperature of 300 ° C, while at landing the pilot had to wait more than an hour to exit from the cab of his legs are not melted.
Grumman X23 or "Pogo" represents a radical departure from the norm of aircraft construction, from simple eccentricity to the point of absurdity. The hull was built substantially as in conventional aircraft, except rotor attached to the nose cone, which is raised vertically into the air jet.
Unlike most VTOL, Pogo taking off nose up like a rocket with wheels attached to the tail of its keel. Lantern cockpit was constructed at position 90 degrees outward, due to which the pilot had to lie perpendicular to the ground when the machine is raised in the air. Then, after aligning the flight path, "Pogo" continued flying a normal plane. This vessel has a series of successful tests, but like all the "strange" projects it has not received further development.
McDonnell Douglas X-15
X-15 model is a more old project, but it was such an unusual and significant breakthrough in aircraft, it remains unsurpassed to this day.
tests were first held in 1959. Aircraft missile X-15 was 15, 5 meters long, three-meter with tiny wings on both sides. In a series of tests of lifting the airplane to an altitude of 30, 5 km, and two of them were counted as space flight.
During passage through the atmosphere, its speed is six times the speed of sound. aircraft hull was coated with nickel alloy that is similar in composition to that found in meteorites. This allowed the aircraft did not burn when entering the Earth's atmosphere.
Great weight and large X-15 power created a basis for describing the characteristics of extreme aircraft.
Blohm und Voss BV 141
In nature, symmetry is important in everything - from the eyes and to the wings. The reverse engineering principles inspired by nature rules, this axiom is equally valid for engines and the tail fin of the aircraft.
But during the Second World War, the German Dornier aircraft manufacturers of the company created a reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber with only one wing, the tail boom to the motor on one side and the cockpit immediately behind them.
This design, which has a significant deviation from the accepted norm, may not be reliable, but, nevertheless, the cabin layout on the right side of the propeller counteracts the torque and helps the aircraft to fly straight.
That strange aircraft is not only broke away from the earth, but also served as the inspiration for the project of modern sport aircraft with a similar design.
Caproni Ca.60 Noviplano
Imagine a houseboat combined with the aircraft. This idea was the basis Caproni Ca.60 Noviplano project. Mahina, established in 1920, changed all existing standards of aircraft evaluation with several wings. So much so that the red Fokker Richthofen (Richtofen's Red Fokker) would have looked just ordinary.
This huge floating aircraft (21, 5 m in length and 55 tons weight) was to be the first transatlantic aircraft in aviation history. Borrowing a concept from the theory that a sufficient number of wings can make fly anything to the body in the shape of a ship fastened three wings in front, three in the middle and the third set of wings behind - instead of a tail.
This strange ethereal unit can be described as a triple triplane. Nothing like this has ever been built.
Take-off was no problem for the aircraft, but the first flight ended in disaster when the aircraft gained altitude of 18 meters. Kaprioni said that to repair it, but the wreckage was burned that night.