20 things you did not know about Hawaii
• 20 things you did not know about Hawaii
Your attention we offer interesting facts about Hawaii.
1. Hawaiian Islands - one of the most geographically remote islands on earth. From the United States they are separated by 3700 km.
The volcano Mauna Kea (4205 m) can be considered the highest mountain on the planet, if you measure the height of the foot that is on the bottom of the ocean. Much of the mountain is under water, when measuring the height of the ocean floor it is 10203 meters, higher than Mount Everest.
In 1935, Amelia Earhart made the first solo flight from Hawaii to California, which lasted 18 hours. In attempts to make such a long single flight killed many pilots that a special decision of the US government, all attempts were eventually banned, but Earhart had made for himself a special permit.
The area around the volcano Mount Waialeale is considered the wettest place on Earth. The slopes of the volcano the average drop 11 684 mm of rain. In 1982, the record was registered on it, then on Mount Waialeale fell 16 916 mm. Because of the constant rains the top of the volcano, usually hidden or in thick fog or haze.
Iolani Palace - the former residence of the Hawaiian monarchs in the center of Honolulu - the only royal palace on US soil. In 1978, it opened as a museum for tourists, and before that for 80 years has been used to accommodate the Hawaiian government.
In the territory of Hawaii lives a third of the total number of endangered species of animals United States.
Residents of Hawaii annually consume more than 6 million cans of canned ham Spam.
In the highest peaks of Hawaii snow.
The top of the volcano Mauna Kea is ideal for astronomical observations. Here are located NASA telescopes and observatories around the world.
In Hawaii there was a special system of religious law (kapu), which consisted in a system of prohibitions, for breach of which should have severe punishment or even death. But there was a way to escape punishment: it was necessary to get to puuhonua, special shelters, in which the offender forgives all his sins.
Kilauea - one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. The last eruption of the volcano began January 3, 1983 and is still ongoing.
Hawaii each year take more than 6 million tourists who spend $ 11 billion here.
During the Second World War, the island of Kahoolawe was used as a training base for soldiers and US Marines. In training for the island was bombed, which continued after the end of the Second World War. US naval forces stopped the exercises on the island only to 1990, and in 1994 he was placed under the jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii.
Kualoa mountain range on the island of Oahu was used for the filming of many films and TV shows such as Jurassic Park and Lost.
One of the longest words in the Hawaiian language: humuhumunukunukuapua'a, so here is called a fish reef triggerfish.
In place of the famous Waikiki Beach to the 1920s, was marshland. The sand here was imported from California up to the 70s. Restoration work carried out on a regular basis, and to this day, because the sand from the beach washed away during low tide.
Along the northern coast of the island of Molokai stretch highest coastal cliffs in the world.
Each year, June 11 in Hawaii says a major holiday - the day of King Kamehameha. At the beginning of the last century Hawaiian king Kamehameha I somehow tricky, very peaceful Hawaiian way managed to unite the scattered islands into one Hawaiian state.
Soon a new island appears in the Hawaiian archipelago. Scientists have calculated that Lō'ihi Seamount underwater volcano reaches the surface after 250 000 years. Its top is in 980 meters from the ocean surface.
Life expectancy at birth in Hawaii - the largest in the United States: for men it is 75 years for women - 80.