25 most difficult mountain peaks
In April this year on Everest there was one of the most tragic incidents in the history of the conquest of the mountains: as a result of avalanches at a height of 5800 meters killed 16 Sherpas-conductors. Nevertheless, the highest mountain in the world is not the most dangerous and difficult. Let's look at a list of 25 most dangerous mountain peaks around the world.
Mount Everest, Nepal / China
Everest being the highest peak in the world, while at the same time is the most difficult to climb, but still quite dangerous. In the history of climbing on the slopes killed about 250 climbers. This year alone, an avalanche at an altitude of 5800 meters buried under a 16-Sherpa guides.
Fitz Roy, Argentina / Chile
Mount Fitz Roy on the border of Argentina and Chile, is one of the most difficult peaks to climb the obvious reason: almost vertical slopes and unpredictable weather. The first ascent of the Fitz Roy was made February 2, 1952 by members of the French expedition Lionel Terran and Guido Magnon. They paved route along the Southeast Ridge.
Mount McKinley in Alaska - the highest peak of the US, earning popularity among climbers due to its availability. However, for beginners this top is very dangerous, confirmation of this is the number of deaths (about 100 people).
Matterhorn, Switzerland / Italy
Visually, The Matterhorn is one of the brightest and most recognizable peaks in the world. Because of its steep slopes, it was later conquered by the other Alpine peaks: several unsuccessful ascents of the Matterhorn have been made since 1857, mostly from the Italian side. The first successful attempt dates back to 1865 year. Over half centuries ascents of the Matterhorn, killing about 500 people.
Makalu, Nepal / China
Makalu (photo: Mountain with patches of sunlight on the top), the fifth highest mountain in the world, is just 12 km from Mount Everest, on the border of Napa and China. climbing complexity of it is still in the fact that it is difficult to get to her. Now the helicopters used for this purpose. Makalu is considered one of the most difficult peaks among vosmitysyachknikov. Conquest "Crown of the Earth" - the conquest of all 14 eight-thousanders of the planet - is a great achievement in high-altitude mountaineering. At this point it was only 30 climbers (27 men and 3 women).
Mont Blanc, France / Italy
Technically, the Mont Blanc is not a difficult pinnacle that attracts the great number of climbers of different levels. Perhaps this is why, according to various estimates, on the slopes of Mont Blanc were killed and 8,000 people.
Chogori or K2, Pakistan / China
Chogori or the K2 - the second highest peak in the world - perhaps the most difficult and deadly mountain in this list. For every four successful ascent of Chogori accounts for one death. Expedition to K2 are sent only in the summer season.
Cerro Torre, Argetina / Chile
Looking at a photo of Cerro Torre, you can simply ask to imagine why this is so complicated vertex. Because of the strong cold winds sheer top of the mountain is often covered with a dense layer of ice. The first successful attempt was made only in 1974.
Annapurna was visited by only 157 people, and about 60 died before reaching the top. Thus, the mortality rate in this mountain sostvlyaet 38%, which is even larger than that of K2. However, and this is not the limit: a higher mortality rate has Kanchenjunga, but about it later. The southern slope of Annapurna is considered one of the most difficult route to climb.
Eiger in Switzerland, has a bad reputation because of its inaccessible northern wall with a height difference of 1650 m. This is the only slope of killing 64 people. The first ascent of the Eiger was made in 1858.
Jeanne Mountain in Nepalese Himalaya attracts climbers from all over the world as one of the most beautiful and challenging peaks of the Himalayas. The most difficult parts begin after 7000 meters.
Mount Logan - second only to the top of Mount McKinley in North America, it is included in the list of the "Seven Second Summits", which includes the second highest peak in all seven continents. Some of these tops are considered more difficult than their more famous rivals and high. That only is, for example, K2 (mentioned above). Though the ascent of Logan and harder McKinley, but before that climbers should still have a long way to the bottom.
Dhaulagiri I, Nepal
Massif Mt.Dhaulagiri consists of 11 peaks, the main of which is more than 8 km, and the rest exceeds 7 km. From 1808 to 1832 years, Dhaulagiri was considered the highest peak of the world, but the climbers turned their attention to it until the early 1950s. Only the eighth expedition succeeded. Dhaulagiri I took seventh place in the ranking of the highest peaks and has a higher mortality rate comparable to the height of the Himalayan mountains. Since 1950, 58 died on the mountain climbers.
Gauri Shankar, Nepal / China
Gauri Shankar is not far from his neighbor Melungtsze. Since her back from Nepal, not Tibet, it took more and more climbers. As in Melungtsze, climb to the Gauri Shankar is extremely complex.
Siula Grande, Peru
The top of Siula Grande, located in the Peruvian Andes, is best known for the book climber Joe Simpson's "Touching the Void". The book tells about two young British climber who in 1985 went to conquer the Siula Grande on has not yet been passed route. In 2003, a documentary was filmed on this exciting book.
Baintha Brakk Pakistan
Ekspedtsii only three reached the summit of the mountain in the Karakoram mountain range. It is known as one of the most difficult peaks of the world: between the first successful ascent in 1977 and then in 2001 took as many as 24. During the ascent the complexity and high mortality mountain was nicknamed "the cannibal".
Vinson Massif, Antarctica
Climbing the Vinson is not too difficult, but the problem is that it is the highest peak in Antarctica. The existence of this mountain range only became known in the 1957's when he was discovered by American aircraft. The highest point - the peak of Vinson (4892 m) is a part of mountaineering project "Seven Summits".
Cerro Paine Grande, Chile
The top of the Cerro Paine Grande is part of the mountain range of the Cordillera del Paine in Chile. As in the case of Fitz Roy, the complexity of the ascent is steep cliffs and unpredictable weather.
Lhotse, Nepal / China
Lhotse is directly related to Everest and is considered the fourth highest mountain. Lhotse 400 successful ascents and 20 deaths were recorded. The ascent of Lhotse is not so difficult: by Krainer least one tour operator offers a package including both the ascent to the top in a single expedition.
Melungtsze, Nepal / China
The only successful attempt to climb Melungtsze was registered in 1992, but to a greater degree due to the difficulty of ascent, but because of the difficulty of obtaining authorization from the Tibetan authorities.
Gasherbrum IV, Pakistan / China
This peak in the Karakoram array, due to its very steep slopes and unstable weather, regarded as one of the most technically challenging peaks to climb.
Khüiten Peak, Mongolia / China
Khüiten Peak - the highest point of the mountain massif of Tavan Bogd-Ula, located at the junction of the Mongolian Altai and Southern Altai ranges and Saylyugem in Altai. Its place in this list, it has earned thanks to its remoteness, not technical climbing difficulty.
Nanga Parbat, Pakistan
Mount Nanga Parbat dubbed the "eater of men." For the first time it managed to win only in 1953, and a lot of these attempts ended tragically. Feature ascent of Nanga Parbat is that part of the rise on all sides by steep walls up, the length of one of them called Rupal reaches 4600 meters - the longest wall in the world. Nanga Parbat never bent under the winter.
St. Elias, USA / Canada
Mount St. Elias (St. Elias), located on the border of the Yukon and Alaska, is not spoiled by the attention of climbers because of the terrible weather conditions that hinder the rise of a large part of the year. Due to the fact that the top is just 10 miles from the ocean, it is subject to Pacific storm winds.
Kangchenjunga, India / Nepal
Until 1852 Kanchenjunga was considered the highest mountain of the world, but the calculations made after the 1849 expedition of the year have shown that the above Everest and Kangchenjunga is the third highest peak. Despite the global trend of decreasing mortality in mountain climbing, in the case of Kanchenjunga this rule does not work. In recent years, the number of tragic cases has risen to 22% and is not going to fall. In Nepal, there is a legend that the Kanchenjunga - the mountain-woman, and she kills all the women who are trying to climb on top of her. The only woman who managed to climb to the top and back down for a long time was a British climber Jeanette Harrison, conquered the main peak in 1998. Eighteen months later, she died while climbing Dhaulagiri. In 2008, the highest point of one of the most beautiful mountains of the Himalayas rose Austrian Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, in 2009 - the Spaniard Edurne Pasaban, polka Kinga Baranowska and Korean Oh Eun-sun.