Geographic world records
What is common among nature lovers, hikers and adventurers? They all know how to appreciate the natural beauty of the world, and for good reason. No need to be an ardent naturalist to appreciate the richness of nature on our planet. In the end, the only way we can thank her for the interesting and mysterious world. We offer you a list of the ten most prominent geographical features of our planet.
The highest point of the world
As you might guess, now it goes on Mount Everest - the highest point of the globe. Everest height is 8844 meters above sea level. This peak is on the list of places that need to conquer, each with a decent adventurer. First discovered in the 1850s, the mountain was named after General George Everest inspector who, ironically, had never seen the peak. Despite all the romantic ideas to conquer the summit, climbing Everest - a rather dangerous occupation, which has already managed to take away the lives of several people.
The lowest point of the globe
The lowest point on the globe is considered to be the Dead Sea, which is 434 meters below sea level. Moreover, over the past 40 years it has sunk even lower (about 25 meters). One of the most interesting phenomena of the Dead Sea is a bloom of red algae, because of which it at one point changes color. This happened in 1980 and 1992.
The northernmost point of the planet
No, it's not the North Pole. From the point of view of the whole world it would be the North Pole, but not from the point of view of land - an island Kaffeklubben Island (Greenland), located in the Arctic Ocean. This island is located in the 443, 3 kilometers from the North Pole and was first discovered by Robert Peary (American explorer of the Arctic) in 1900. The name he came up with the Danish explorer Lauge Koch in 1921. As strange as it may sound, but Kaffeklubben Island translated from Danish means "Coffee Club", to date, very few people can explain what exactly guided Lauge, coming up with the name.
The southernmost point of the world
At this time, it really is the South Pole is located in Antarctica. This space rises only to 100 meters above sea level, although here the ice cover reaches a thickness of 2700 m. Interesting fact: at the South Pole, you can witness the sunrise and sunset only once a year, in September and March respectively.
The most remote island on the planet
Bouvet Island - one of the most solitary islands in the world. It is located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean and is the Norwegian territory. This is completely a volcanic island, and its central part is covered with ice. In fact it is a huge extinct volcano. The island was first discovered by Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier January 1, 1739, and later was named after its discoverer. The island is uninhabited, with an area of 59 square kilometers and a height above sea level - 935 meters.
The largest island of
The largest island in the world - Greenland. Its surface area is equal to 2,166,086 square kilometers. Originally the island was under the control of Denmark, but in 1979 and today it is a separate state with its own government and parliament. Due to the unfavorable conditions for life, Greenland has a population of only 57 000 people. Most of the island is covered with ice, which in some places reaches a thickness of 4 kilometers. And although fish resources are already exhausted, to help local residents came glaciers melting, revealing a readily available mineral resources and providing them with a new source of livelihood.
The most full-flowing river
the deepest river in the world - the Congo, located in west-central Africa, and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Its depth in some places reaches 220 meters. It is the second longest river in the world, which follows the Amazon. It was formerly known as Zaire. The total length of the river is 4,700 kilometers, making it the 9th in the world among the longest rivers of the planet.
The youngest island of
Nii-jima Island - a small volcanic island in the Philippine Sea. He has appeared as a result of a volcanic eruption at the end of November 2013, 163 miles south of Tokyo. This proves once again that the Earth's surface is constantly changing, but in spite of what everyone expected that Nii-jima soon disappear, he, contrary to public opinion, remains in place.
The longest cave network
Mammoth Cave System - Flint Ridge is located in the US state of Kentucky. It is the longest cave system in the world, whose area is approximately 52,830 hectares, which is two times higher than the second largest network of underwater caves of San Actun located in Mexico. It is surprisingly stable system of caves formed in limestone formation. At the moment, researched part of the cave is 630 kilometers, and every year it increases.
The most distant planet from the center point of
No, it's not Mount Everest. The most distant from the Earth's center point - Mount Chimborazo, an extinct volcano in Ecuador. mountain height is 6268 meters, and although it is not the highest mountain, but its location on the equator makes it such. The mountain is located 1 degree south of the equator, and as our planet is flattened at the poles, the equator is the most "fat" place on our planet.