Legends of the Moscow Metro
We Muscovites, of course, are accustomed to this type of transport and treat it as consumers. We do not look around, hurrying the morning to work, rarely lift my head up and not particularly interested in the history and architectural details ... It seems that all that we have already seen 100,500 times! What new can open such a hike for us?
I think around this swirling thoughts of those who looked at it and decided not to sign up for a tour ... and very vain! For the guests a tour of the underground part of the compulsory program, no doubt being one of the highlights of "MAST SI" the capital ... And to see our usual station through the eyes of those who see them for the first time, it seems to me a very interesting exercise ... Especially because Moscow subway - a real "underground palaces" in its decoration is not inferior to any other museum ....
At the station we were met Kropotkin girl-guide in conspicuous bright pink jacket ... Very faithful clothes, so as not to get lost in the crowd ... Tours of the underground - a specific thing, a lot of noise, a lot of people, a lot of movement ... it's hard to keep everything together, group. But we have succeeded, with the help of this jacket.
Talk in the subway is also very difficult ... The trains are noisy so that overlap it even through dynamics with a microphone ... The girl and then had to shoot down the rhythm and to pause, because of what the tour has lost its momentum ... But listen to it was interesting, and to a specific rate of all pretty soon we got used ...
The tour was called "Legends of the Moscow Metro," but it is precisely legends (about some black train or ghost metrostroevtsy and t. N.) Fortunately as time and was not ... But the girl-guide talked a lot about the underground story, his architecture, attention to detail and explain their features and uniqueness. For example, did you know that at all metro stations necessarily dark floor and ceiling vaults necessarily bright? This creates a feeling of space and helps to minimize the feeling of claustrophobia ... But in general, is much more interesting to consider the station in detail.
St. m. Theater
She is not the most lush decor, but interest porcelain figures in the caissons of the ceiling vault. From below, they seem small, but in fact their height of about one meter. Nor portray men and women in national costumes of the Union republics, who dance or play musical instruments.
The peculiarity lies in the fact that at the time of these figures did not exist the technology, allowing to make porcelain figurines of this size. This technology had to invent specifically for this task ...
Art. m. Novokuznetskaya
The main attraction of this station - smaltovye mosaic. They were made of VA Frolov on sketches AA Deineka in besieged Leningrad, and dedicated to the heroic labor of the Soviet people in the rear. After the death of the artist taken out of the besieged city of Ladoga flotilla sailors. One understanding of how, under what conditions and with what passion to do these things is not just respect, and almost worship of people to accomplish this feat, not much is not enough ...
St. m. Mayakovskaya
Light and delicate, it was conceived as a strict "neo-classical", but eventually acquired shades of Art Deco. For my taste it is more suitable to the poet, after which the station received its name, although in other parts Mayakovsky almost not present (his small bust appeared here much later and more for show.
Here, too, there is a mosaic ... but they are located in the deep vaults of the station and are visible only to those who really want to see them: for this you need to stand directly beneath the panel and lift up the head up. And if you do, you will appear in front of you 3 and a half dozen panels depicting the everyday life of the Soviet man ... Yes, there are such "everyday" cause not even nostalgia and irony, but it did not detract from the dignity of the mosaics themselves.
There is also a joke. Columns and arches of the station are covered with corrugated stainless steel. It is alleged that this has become the best samples. If one side of the arch to put on the edge of the coin and "run" it up, then it will fly across the arch and fall on the other side ... We have tried, this is true!
Art. m. Belorusskaya
At the entrance we were met by a sculptural composition "Belarusian Partisan". It seems made of bronze, but is fraught with a little secret. In fact, this is not bronze. It is painted and lacquered cast.
On the day of victory for her, too, lay flowers ...
The very same station again impresses with its mosaics ... probably need to do a whole separate tour dedicated to the mosaics of the Moscow metro! In any case, I would be in such a precise went! Belorusskaya they tell about the life of the Union Republic. But among the panels, there are those who keep their secrets.
Many of the historical mosaic panels subway were significantly altered over time. This is not surprising if we recall the year of construction of stations (30s and 40s).
What do you think initially embroidered on this beautiful mural Belarusian embroidery?
Surely portrait of Stalin, who later, in the process of debunking the cult, has been replaced by a neutral Order of the Red Banner.
Art. m. Novoslobodskaya
Our guide deftly dives and emerges from the subway cars in exactly the place where he wants to show us this or that detail of the station ...
Stalin's image was removed from this panel and ... What do you think, who replaced the leader? That's right, pigeons ... pathos of the era extremely straightforward ... but looking at the world today, I do not know that it would be better ...
However, the station is famous not a mosaic, and its stained glass windows!
They are located inside the pylons and are bordered by steel and gilded brass. Their two on each pylon, the side of the hall and platforms. Fancy colored glass combination forms similarity fantastic flowers, plants, stars. Inside the stained glass in the upper part, are inserted small medallions that depict genre scenes of perfect peace.
These stained glass windows, though no direct resemblance to the classic stained glass windows of Gothic cathedrals, but mentally it is sent to him, which is very unusual for domestic architecture.
We go further ...
Art. m. Komsomolskaya
Here it is in fact one of the most magnificent underground palaces of the city, located in the same area at the three stations. This is a gateway in Moscow and that is how it was conceived. These "gates" were to form first impressions of Moscow. I can not imagine what a strong impression the station produces on those who arrived by train for the first time down in the Moscow Metro.
This is the apotheosis of Stalin's empire, characterized by grandiosity, pomposity, a combination of classical elements, Empire and Moscow baroque.
Making the station devoted to the theme of struggle of the Russian people for independence throughout the city's history, from its inception until the days of building the station.
But here was not without alterations! Instead, this beautiful lady once were Lenin and Stalin image, under the feet of which were thrown defeated swastika.
Next to the wall there is a strange and unnatural niche ... Once upon a time it was decorated with a speech of Stalin, who took as the basis for registration of the station: "The war you are waging a war of liberation, a just war. Let inspire you in this war manly images of our great ancestors - Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy, Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kutuzov! Let your will overshadow the victorious banner of the great Lenin! .. " In fact, if you think about the image of Stalin and all references to him, his speeches or activities, dipped almost everywhere in the subway.
Art. m. Taganskaya
The decoration station devoted to the Soviet army. The pylons are decorated with majolica sculptures depicting Soviet soldiers.
A remarkable she and color: here there is only a pale blue hue.
Art. m. The area of the revolution
This is the last station in our itinerary. Perhaps of all the seen, it is the strangest of the strange way the sculptures are located. On pedestals in the corners of the pylons 76 bronze figures representing the Soviet people's peaceful occupations. But some of them are still on the path of revolution.
Originally a niche in the corners of the pylons planned to decorate the bas-reliefs on the revolutionary theme. sculptors contest results are not satisfied with the architect and the Metro construction management, and therefore it was decided to turn to an experienced sculptor M. Manizer. However, he proposed instead to establish three-dimensional sculpture reliefs. This decision was very controversial and caused quite a stir.
Figures (except pioneers figures) to fit in the limited amount of arch vaulted passages which preferred are represented either on knee or bent or sitting. In this regard, they said that the statue represents the image of the Soviet people - "it's all or sitting, or kneeling." However, they say, Stalin liked this design station. "How to live," he said of the figures.
Almost all the sculptures have their real prototypes. Some were even outstanding and legendary personalities. But most of all, of course, these figures are known for their need to rub for good luck ... Where someone rub - apparently at the old tired!
and ended our tour at this funny note! Of course, I did not tell you a tenth of what was told in the course of walking on the subway. Although I hope that my tour you enjoyed as much as the real me.