25 best inventions of 2014.
The outgoing year was rich in a variety of claims. Some of them strongly "a noise" in the press, some - go unnoticed. Faktrum translated list of the most significant inventions of the year according to the magazine Time.
1. This flying skateboard
Skateboard, hovering like a fabulous carpet plane, remained a pipe dream after his show in the second part of the movie "Back to the Future." But this year the firm from California Hendo has built a real prototype "floating board."
Of course, it has some limitations. Skateboard from Hendo can soar only three inches above the surface, with this surface should be conductive - for example, it may be made of copper or aluminum. So far made only 10 of these skateboards. A battery in this board lacks only 15 minutes.
However, the technology underlying this invention may be revolutionary. The founders of the company Hendo, Jill and Greg Henderson plans to further develop the technology of magnetic "floating", and use it to stabilize the building during an earthquake to protect the priceless works of art and much more.
2. Smart spaceship
No one got to reach Mars on the first try. It failed to make either the US or Russia, nor in Europe. However, it happened Sept. 24 in India. When the interplanetary space station "Mars Orbiter Mission" came into the orbit of the red planet, it became a kind of technological feat that until now was not able to repeat any other Asian country. Construction of the ship cost India 74 million dollars, is less than the budget of the film "Gravity". "Mars Orbiter Mission" is equipped with only five on-board devices that allow it to perform simple tasks, such as measuring the methane level in the composition of the atmosphere and the analysis of the planet's surface. Much more important is that this ship has allowed India to demonstrate its "interplanetary muscles" that holds great promise for the space program in the country.
Fusion - energy recovery due to the merger of hydrogen nuclei - has always been the holy grail of energy. It is incredibly productive and clean technology, which remained unfulfilled to this day. But in October of this year, the company Lockheed Martin said they have reached a technological breakthrough, which will create a compact fusion reactor, with its size is so small that it can easily fit in the back of a truck. The design uses "containing magnetic mirrors", which allows to control the reaction. Given the fact that more detailed information about this invention yet, some scientists are skeptical. But if Lockheed Martin is really able to create a workable fusion reactor, world energy consumption will change once and for all.
4. The wireless power transmission
We already have wireless Internet access and wireless telephones. So why is our home appliances are still glued to the outlet? Yes, now there are wireless chargers for small gadgets, such as mobile phones. However, the company WiTricity, located in Massachusetts, used to think broadly. Their technology uses a special coil that generates a magnetic field which, in turn, allows you to charge devices at a distance of 2, 4 meters. This technology has already been tested by Intel, Toyota, and many others. According to the director of Georgia Alex, 10 years of our rooms may vary, and all household appliances, such as lamps, televisions, stereos can be powered from a single wireless power source.
5. Three-dimensional printing
The machine is capable to construct any object. It sounds like science fiction, but through the development of three-dimensional printing devices that can create objects from digital drawings, using plastic and other materials, this fiction is rapidly becoming a reality. 3D-printing technology - good for both corporations and consumers. In the past year, students have already appeared printed on the printer model cars for physics lessons, but the scientists were printed out human tissue. aircraft manufacturers use the 3D-press to increase the efficiency of jet engines. "It's one of those technologies that deal with literally everything that we do," - said Avi Reychental, CEO of 3D Systems, whose 3D-printers can, among other things, the type of candy (as shown above), and musical instruments.
6. The clock, which gave a new definition of the concept of "smart"
The majority of "smart" watches are very good, but they are trying to combine the experience of using mobile phones. And the results of this "association" not encouraging. And Apple Watch - is a complete computer on the wrist, with the new interface, in which physical buttons are combined with a touch screen. With the help of these hours, you can not only tell time, but also to send messages, to monitor health status, make payments, and much more. They are also attractive in terms of fashion, as the most expensive models of these watches are decorated with gold. "The Apple have invested heart and soul into this project", - said Robert Brunner, founder of the design studio in San Francisco and a former director of Apple industrial design.
7. The smartphone that puts privacy in the first place
According to experts, nearly half of the users do not feel safe sharing of confidential information via smart phones. So can the owner of the smartphone safely hide confidential information? This can help Blackphone, smartphone, in which the confidentiality of user information put at the forefront. This device has been developed by the same name, and it happened soon after the publication of revelatory Snowden. The device uses a modified Android system that eliminates unauthorized access to confidential information. In addition, the smartphone comes with special software that allows you to encrypt calls, text messages and history of Internet surfing (for this Blackphone has already attracted the attention of law enforcement, because there is believed that it may be used by criminals seeking to cover their tracks) .
But even with such a smartphone user should think carefully before you download something or write something. "It is dangerous to think that you now have something like the invisibility cloak," - said General Director Blackphone Toby Wayne Jones.
8. The cooler, which will charge your party
For 60 years, coolers cool makes life easier, offering guests at parties chilled drinks and snacks. But Ryan Greppera this was not enough, and he created the world's first "smart cooler" called Coolest Cooler. Of course, there are stored drinks and food. But still it does have a built-in blender for mixing cocktails, there are LED lights cover, which find the right drink can be even in the dark, there is a USB-port for charging phones, which often sit at parties. And yet it has large wheels that make it very easy to move.
9. The chip, relieves stoop
You probably know why many people hunched over time, there is pain in the back. "We simply forget that it is necessary to stop slouching," - says Monica Perkash the company Lumo BodyTech, which created a special "reminding" the chip. Once the user pristegnot to his shirt this gadget the size of a thumb, he begins to track and analyze the position of the back and neck, and vibrates when the posture is wrong. The system has not yet been perfected. The gadget can vibrate when the user leans on the need, for example to answer a phone call. Despite this, the demand for the device is already oversubscribed, with half of the users - women.
10. The machine, which makes electric vehicles more tempting
Until recently, electric vehicles have been relatively slow, it is "asexual" and cost is incredibly expensive. It was not until as long as the BMW group has not released an electric I3. The machine is able to go without charging 113 km. And thanks to the new design, the driver can use one pedal for acceleration and deceleration for (he pushes it up to speed and let go to slow down). This results in more energy-efficient driving style. The main reason for not buying electric cars - it concerns consumers, the battery is discharged in the middle of the road. BMW task boils down to in order to allay these fears. Therefore, I3 small gasoline engine, allowing in case of extreme need to recharge the battery can be incorporated.
11. The tablet, which replaces laptops
Last "hybrid" from Microsoft combines the power of a laptop and a thin body of the tablet. With it, you can run many popular applications, the kit contains a thin cover, also performs functions of the keyboard, and built-in stand that allows you to put the device on the table. Because of these features of the "hybrid" has massively buy large companies, such as Coca-Cola, and others.
12. The ring, reminiscent of important messages
Like many other business-woman, Christina Merkando smartphone keeps in her purse. This means she occasionally gets him to check important messages. But what if she could get all the important information from some devices that have already put on her? It is these thoughts became the cause of Ringly rings line. These rings can be programmed so that they will flash every time the owner receives an email from your boss when he gets a text message from his driver, and so on. D. Merkando former design manager on the auction site eBay, has been able to earn more than 1 million dollars on their rings. The first batch of the 1,000 Ringly rings, released in July of this year, was sold out in 24 hours.
13. Box for tablets, turning to the person
"I grew up in a family, owning and managing pharmacy", - says TJ Parker, who knows firsthand how difficult it is for people to see to it what medications to take, especially if the doctor prescribed them to several recipes. That's why e-pharmacy, which he currently manages, PillPack, bubbles do not trade with medicines. Instead, every two weeks, patients are sent pharmacist, who has all their recipes printed on a special ribbon with the date and time. The tape is placed in a special box. At the moment, a pharmacy serves only patients with a very large number of medical prescriptions. But the ultimate goal of Parker - to make reception of drugs has become easier for everyone, even for patients with short courses of antibiotics.
14. Bananas, preventing blindness
In Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, about 30% of children aged up to 5 years at risk of going blind for one simple reason: they do not get enough of the vitamin A, which is essential for normal functioning of the eye. But what if we take the bananas that make up a large part of the diet of these children, and to improve them so that they make up for the lack of vitamin A? This idea came to my head genetics from Australia Dale James, when he at the beginning of 2000, visited Uganda. It was then that Dale and his team set about creating "superbananov", enriched with vitamin A. Tests of new banana on humans will begin in the near future.
15. The wheel, the cyclist pushes
Everyone knows that cycling is useful for both humans and the environment. But riding a bike can be a daunting task, especially if you have to ride in the hills. To help cyclists to handle the load, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, it was developed particular, the "Copenhagen Wheel". It is standard size, so it can be put on most bikes. The wheel has a motor powered by a rechargeable battery. The engine can be operated in different modes, depending on the terrain, and the preferences of the cyclist. And about their preferences cyclist can report the engine through a special application on their smartphone. Moreover, the wheel has sensors, which monitor the state of the road potholes mark, and even fixed air temperature. Thus cyclists in real time can share with each other the best route.
16. A sign language interpreter
Khair Ryan Campbell
Millions of people with hearing impairment to normal communication usually requires people, sign language interpreters, whose services are often quite cheap. But what if you create a device consisting of a tablet, connected to multiple cameras detect motion and voice device that can translate American Sign Language into spoken words and the ability to translate spoken words into text in real-time?
"The need for this is very high," - says Ryan Haight-Campbell, CEO MotionSavvy, who himself is deaf. With him according to many people, because the team has now managed to collect more than $ 20,000 for the completion of studies.
17. The filter against Ebola
The worst thing in the Ebola virus - it's his speed. Within a few days it can create in the body so many copies of itself that the human immune system for them simply do not have time. However Hemopurifier, special cartridge which is attached to the dialysis machine, is able to tip the balance in favor of the body: the filter cartridge can be removed from the blood Ebola viruses, while it passes therethrough. It has been tested only once, on a patient in Germany, but it has helped - the patient is able to recover from the infection. In the future, doctors hope that similar technology will be used in the fight against hepatitis C virus.
18. Selfie stick (and comb)
When the 2013th was the year in which the selfie has become fashionable, the 2014 th year was the year in which the selfie has become a cultural phenomenon. In one of the reports, researchers say that at least a quarter of Americans at least once laid selfie in social networks. Smelling profit, some companies have started to manufacture devices that simplify the process of creating a selfie. Many of these devices, for example, comb holding the smartphone, not in great demand. But Selfie stick (which is now produced by several companies), allows you to have a smartphone at an optimum distance to get the best photos, I found their buyers.
19. Air Conditioning, reducing energy costs
Aros Air was released in 2014, and to date has sold more than 50,000 units of this device. This air conditioner is not similar to the device embedded in the window. He is elegant, smooth and white. And yet he is a smart, sometimes even too much. With the help of special applications that are installed in smart phones, air conditioning can track the position of the owners via GPS, and included (or vice versa - switched off) depending on how far the owners are away from home. And he can tell the owner how much money he spends on home cooling. According to the owners, the use of Aros reduces energy costs by an average of 10%.
20. The prison cell that helps relax
Every day, for 23 hours 200 prisoners in solitary confinement Oregon's largest prison is not see nothing but the walls of their tiny cells. Some studies show that it can cause mental illness, and make prisoners prone to violence or suicide. Last year officials have allowed them to carry out his one free hour in the so-called "blue room". This is the room where the projector shows a desert, waterfalls, and the like. These images, according to the researchers, helping prisoners relax.
21. The virtual toy that became a real
Like most children, the daughter of Pramod Sharma loves iPad. "But when her face all day is 15 cm from the screen, it is not too pleased with me," - he says he (studies have shown that this behavior may eventually lead to the perception of problems and obesity). As a result, Sharma and his colleague, former engineer at the Google, found a way to move a virtual game in the real world. Osmo Special application "reflexive the AI", the tablet allows the camera to interpret the physical objects allows children to collect these objects on the screen using the colored tiles, and receive a reward if everything was done correctly. To date, the app is on sale in the Apple Store.
22. Chips for basketball players
In sports training, as well as in business, there is no more valuable asset than information. That is why professional basketball players today use high-tech equipment to monitor everything: from the most interesting moments of the game to their own fatigue. In doing so, they are helping nine "smart" sensors and a special chip that via Bluetooth sends collected data to a mobile application, where they can be analyzed.
23. The package, which can be eaten
The phrase "edible packaging" sounds like an oxymoron, unless you are the founder WikiFoods David Edwards. This man has invented a way of packaging yogurt, cheese, ice cream and other products in a special shell that is strong enough to retain its shape as long as you do not eat everything. Each such pack is made of dried fruit particles or other natural substances, which are sufficiently small size to between electrical interaction occurred, and they started to attract each other. To further strengthen the forms of these particles is added sugar and calcium.
24. screens to showcase digital art
"So many artists create their paintings on computers and computers", - says the artist Jake Levine, citing growing Tumblr community. But the place is art on conventional walls is almost impossible. "Electrical items" Levin, who was able to get it for his project almost $ 3 million, aim to change this state of affairs. This special screens started to exhibit works of digital art. Brightness screen dims when they fall sunlight, and their matt finish prevents glare occur, so they are very similar to the most common pattern. A special application for smartphones allowing users to switch between what they see on the screen.
25. Dolls superheroine
Research suggests that education in the girl career ambitions due to the fact, in what toys she plays a child. Helpless pretty Barbie, in most cases, unable to even bend the limbs and intended only for the endless disguises, should go into the past, decided two young American inventor. Girls have developed superhero dolls rather superheroines endowed with the various superhuman and have a really strong character. "The idea that girls can save the world - it's very cool!" - said the inventor.