How do Russian supercar Marussia
Russian supercar from Nikolai Fomenko - young project, but has already managed to acquire a whole bunch of myths and rumors. We are a serious issue, idle talk do not believe. So we decided to go to the plant and make Marussia around themselves. However, in addition to production, we were asked to check the car and driving ...
But before getting into the car, we also had the opportunity to see the entire process of creating the Russian supercar from A to Z. So, let's see what kind of myths exist about the Russian supercar, and is it possible to consider them as true?
Myth 1: "Maroussia" does not exist
Lies. In fact, this myth finally shattered even after the opening of the official Marussia showroom on Tverskaya Street in Moscow this year. Evil tongues, prorochaschie rapid decline of the Russian supercar, were out of work. Despite all the difficulties and difficult crisis year, Marussia project is alive and well, and continues to evolve. Now the model number has been around for two models: B1 and B2, and soon to be joined by two sports utility vehicle.
Furthermore, B2 model looks so cool that in the process of shooting, we only had time to that ward off onlookers, various employees, and then norovyaschih get into the camera lens. The exterior of the Russian sports car can be envied not only Italian Lamborghini and Ferrari, but and some Batman-mobile.
Stylistic solutions used in the Marussia B2, technologically much more complicated than those of competitors. It is enough to compare the body panels with any Porsche or Ferrari.
Special effektnosti sports car attached to a two-tone design of appearance. Basic color - red with the addition of gold xirallic, secondary - matte black with a "tactile effect" - it is soft to the touch as a thin skin.
The present conditions survey - Russian supercar on the background of Russian warehouse labels.
Marussia very photogenic, under any foreshortening car looks luxurious. Special Xirallic element in the car's paint color flashes of gold under the bright spotlight or sun.
Myth 2: "Marusya" collected abroad
Lies. Production of Russian supercar is located on a fairly large area of the plant with a touching named "Snowflake". And it is not over the hill, as it is rumored, and in Moscow near the metro station "Botanical Garden". Outside the company does not stand out from their own kind. Conventional industrial zone, embarked on a commercial footing. With lots of tenants, stern guards at the gate and eternal crush of cars and people at the entrance.
Inside, everything looks a little different, though Russian reality "pret" here from all the cracks. Looking for a beautiful backdrop for taking pictures, we had to spend a lot of time.
The shape of the front bumper plays with the company logo Marussia.
However, the beauty of appearance is not related to car manufacturing. In the shops "Snowflakes" supercar is going to like Lego constructor of the supplied custom-made glass, engine, transmission, attachment, brakes and wheels. But everything else, including body panels, interior and even the suspension components, made on the spot.
But it all begins with a sheet of paper. In the design office, where we by luck managed to get (even with cameras!), About 10 people are employed. Mostly young guys 25-30 years of age. Making the best traditions of design studios - a neat office, modern computers, a lot of light on the walls of a bunch of posters with sketches, sketches, photographs of other cars and other beauty. Shoot all that, we of course, banned, although some things still fell into the camera lens.
Approximately so a brand new sports car model produced in Russia.
The adopted design of the car is made of plasticine and only after final approval is sent to the development department designs.
In the design department every detail worked out to the smallest detail on a computer.
It seems to be a simple office, the same computers. Only here do not necessarily reports or graphs, and supercars (sounds pathetic, but it's true).
In short, the process of creating a chain of vehicle is as follows:
1) Develop design is approved
2) The result is sent to the development department designs
3) There are 3D-model is checked reality creating machines
4) Next, executed drawings and design documentation
5) Then sent orders for
Total factory "Maroussi" three main workshops: production of composite materials and body parts, welding / riveting and assembly of locksmith. There are, however, additional areas of machining, where, for example, painted metal parts with powder paint, leather interior overtighten and so. N.
One of the most important departments in the factory. Here make body parts made of composite materials, the matrix is prepared and the master model.
The process of creating automated matrices, but the production of carboxylic parts - exclusively handmade.
All carbon parts undergo heat treatment in huge ovens - autoclaves. "Baking" is one of the longest processes. It takes about 4, 5 hours.
There is also a workshop for the production of plastic parts of the car.
Create plastic parts - a fascinating story. Technologies that are in the hands of Marussia Motors, allow to produce any product in the shortest possible time. From the completion of design items in CB before the "live" model extends less than a day. At the beginning of the master model is produced, which is filled with special silicone composition resembling jelly. Then, the master model is removed, in the "jelly" made the holes, which is filled with polyurethane, to expel the air inside of the resulting matrix. Further, all placed in a special furnace where through holes introduced yet another two-component composition (plastic). After about 40 minutes of baking part is ready. We can only remove it from the mold, remove burrs and the possible flaws.
That is the silicone gel.
And this oven for "baking" plastic. Below worker holds already finished form will be located at the top of two-component mixture which, mixed to turn into plastic.
Next to the plastic section - some paint and bodywork cameras. Here are made of fiberglass parts, bring them to perfection.
Not all workers have overalls. However, the level of effort for each of them - the highest.
The second workshop: welding and riveting. There do Marussia foundation bases - chassis (body) and the suspension elements.
Soon, this pile of high-strength light metal becomes a part of the supercar.
already assembled and welded body is treated with anti-corrosion and noise insulation materials. Air plane sutured closed with aluminum.
A third workshop locksmith assemblies. Here on a body established engine, transmission, electrical, body parts. It is from here leaves the finished car.
After the end of the build the car is checked for defects. Further, it is controlled lights, all the liquid is poured, the operation of all systems tested, was measured power.
suspension design "Maroussi" of its own type of push-rod. And from behind, and in front - a multi-link design. Components are made to order by the German manufacturer KW.
From the gates of this particular shop go ready supercars. Left model B2, right B1.
Myth №3: "Maroussia" does not go
Lies. Seeing the first domestic development, many immediately jumped on the car with a terrible negative. It is understandable, in 20 years, the total collapse of its own production in the country, to perceive something domestic, with the exception of military equipment, is difficult. But nothing of the products of the domestic auto industry is better not to speak.
However, it is not necessary to approve something until you try yourself. Us this opportunity presented itself, and now we can easily dispel the myth of the slowness "Maroussi".
Paul observations at the wheel of Marussia B2.
Outside the passenger compartment and door seem unnatural compact. But in fact, climb and stay "Marusya" quite easily. Unfortunately, behind the wheel, I sat down already in the late afternoon, so just take a picture of the test car is blue there was no way. By the way, it's a little different from the later version of the red and black colors, which we shot in the "cover" of the article. For example, the door to my car were normal, while the red and black, they had opened up and the servo.
In the salon "Maroussi" virtually no open plastic (except the keys) - all of the panels are covered with a high-quality leather or Alcantara, or made of carbon fiber.
Seats own production - the basis of carbon fiber, the soft part of the dense foam, the front part of combination skin.
Inside the car is convenient, although the height of the place quite a bit. At my height of 178 cm from the top of the head stock to the roof was no more than 3-4 cm Seat belts in the Russian supercar conventional three-point, but they are arranged mirror:. The belt is on the right and left of the castle. Wheel Marussia is very convenient, has a nice ebb and shift petals.
At the moment, "Maroussia" is equipped only with a 6-speed automatic. The manufacturer is unknown, but there is a suspicion that this ZF.
At the center console are evident just three displays showing all the information. Behind the wheel - instead of the usual dials just the first one. We must pay tribute to the designers and programmers Marussia Motors - looking information is excellent. machine is displayed in the center, which will turn on lights, open doors, and so on. n. On the left and right, all service information. Along the perimeter - two scales displaying the vehicle speed and engine speed.
It looks like the dashboard in the Marussia. Instead of the usual dial speedometer and tachometer all the information is displayed.
To start the car, you need to insert the smart key in the special slot and press the "Start Engine" button. Somewhere behind him is heard the roar of the powerful, the car shakes a bit, the engine starts. Turnovers stabilize at around 600-700.
For about 10-15 seconds, the other monitors are downloaded on-board multimedia systems. You feel like a hacker, on a black screen white lines running - "Maroussia" runs on "Linux"!
View Marussia multimedia system.
The test machine was no room, so leave the territory of the plant on it was not. Plus it as a class are no mirrors. Instead, the situation back pass camcorder, but in my car, they were not connected to the monitor. By the way, the visibility "Maroussi" quite tolerable. Dimensions front of supercar start to feel almost immediately, and small side windows-loopholes are quite informative.
So how is it going? Unusual, interesting, easy. Thanks to the "machine", start and drive the car any person without special training. In riding sensations "Maroussia" similar to a conventional car - only a broad, very low and hard. In the test machine was a turbocharged engine Cosworth 2, 8 liters capacity of 360 liters. sec., so the bottom up to 1200-1500 rev / min can feel a slight dip, but then the engine comes to life and begins frantically to disperse the car. As luck would have it, that's when a straight section the factory "Snowflake" ended ...
Check the dynamics was only up to 70 km / h.
While driving there is still work to do. The suspension has a rather noisy, and respond to the body panels each bump unpleasant creaking in the cabin. Incomprehensible was also the smell in the cabin. After starting the engine, "Maroussia" greeted me with the scent of gasoline and fried carbon. One of the engineers, grant me a car, it is written off on an early version of the car. Well, I want to believe that this is so.
For the driver and front passenger are made separate media control displays.
Myth №4: Marussia - Collective Farm
Lies. For the first time we met with the project in mid-December 2008. Then, in the building of the "New Manege" in the exhibition Millionaire Fair, the first presentation of the car. During the event, Nikolai Fomenko told an amusing backstory appearance "Maroussi". The idea was born to Nicholas while participating in professional auto racing, when he broke part of the front body kit and a wing of his car, and it was urgent to look for a replacement. As a result, all the parts were made in four hours in the neighboring Chinese workshop for $ 250, and when ordering from the UK it would have risen to 20 thousand dollars.
Soon, the idea became a reality, however, on the show two years ago, it was an occasion for jokes. The fact that the quality of the debutant performance left much to be desired. On the paint could detect swelling, there were gaps between the parts of the body, and the design itself looked visibly damp.
Salon is it at all like what was seen in some kind of old "BMW", held garage tuning. All this influenced the opinion demanding the Russian public, and many create an image of a rough machine, which is often colloquially referred to as "the collective farm." What we have seen and touched two years later, it has nothing to do with the first raw sample. From a visual point of view, not to find fault with Marussia. Those bold solutions, invented by designers, reached version close to the series, in the best possible way. All parts are produced in our own facilities using highly accurate equipment. Quality control - strict.
A pile of blanks, which will soon turn into a matrix for future details. As a material used tree.
Three-axis milling machine, working with the wood. In the picture captured the moment of transformation model created on the computer in the mold matrix.
A fancy Five-axis machine tool, allowing you to create more complex parts.
The production is automated as much as possible. Manual labor is involved only as a control verification and correction of the future product parameters.
And here is the result - the high build quality, near-perfect surface of body elements.
The quality of interior parts - is also at altitude.
Myth №5: "Maroussia" expensive
Lies. How many are asking in Marussia Motors for newcomers to the brand-new items B1 and B2? Prices, excluding tax, starting from 100 000 B1 EUR per model and from 117 000 euros for B2 3, 5 liter naturally aspirated engine, the issuing of 300 l. from. Those who want the engine hot, offer versions with 2, 8 liter turbocharged unit, which have been issued by the herd from 360 to 420 horses, depending on the variation. Thus the wheels may tear the asphalt with a maximum force of 500 Nm and 600 respectively. However, cost is the evil version of "Marousi" already at 138 000 euros.
What you can buy for the same amount, if the choice of the sports car? Audi R8 worth 6 million rubles, BMW M6 and order more. Aston Martin, Ferrari and Lamborghini can immediately leave to one side, like all serious athletes from Mercedes. These "friends" will cost at least double the price, "Marusya". Perhaps, for some kind of money can only buy the Nissan GT-R, Porsche weak 911 or "gray" Chevrolet Corvette. But most importantly, that all this production cars! It is clear that quality problems in production cars is much less, but when it comes to exclusivity, this question is rarely raised to the surface. Restrict series R8 customized version in 333 copies and you can be sure that the price you immediately bite. 117 000 euro - it's expensive? Show me where it is cheaper!
If we compare "Marusya" low volume with competitors, the issue price is no longer relevant. Most interesting projects remain outside of our attention, but whether it is the Turkish Sazan, Belgian Vertigo, Japanese Orochi, Brazilian Vorax, Spanish Tramontana, English the Ascari, as well as many others unknown to most inhabitants exclusive lighters - they are much more expensive creations Nikolay Fomenko . Even relatively inexpensive Korean Spirra c taking into account customs duties unpleasant surpasses 250 thousand euros. Of course, there are more options in the form of furious Caterham or Ariel Atom, but these legendary designers not quite cars, but rather modernized cards overgrown. Moreover, they are made exclusively for the racetrack.
So that the latter myth too successfully dispelled. All these comparisons are interesting and exciting, but the truth hurts your eyes. On the supercar market, especially in the Russian market cost "Maroussi" low. As demonstrated by our rapid investigation purchase anything even remotely similar to the Russian supercar for the money is not possible. Not surprisingly, the Marussia project is very popular, not only in Russia but also abroad. According to Nikolai Fomenko, the company now has 700 pre-orders. And in the near future the production machine can be extended by opening another factory in Belgium.