How would the world look like if all the ice on Earth melted?
• How would the world look like if all the ice on Earth melted?
What would happen if all the ice on Earth, and that more than 20 million cubic kilometers, melted?
National Geographic has created a series of interactive maps that show what disastrous consequences would occur on our planet. Melted ice, which would have been in the oceans and seas, would lead to a sea level rise of 65 meters. It would absorb the city and the country, to change the overall appearance of the continents and the coast lines, wiped out entire populations.
The temperature on Earth
Scientists believe that it would take about 5000 years, the temperature has risen enough to melt all the ice on Earth. However, the beginning has already been made.
Over the last century, the temperature on Earth has increased by about 0, 5 degrees Celsius, and this led to a sea level rise of 17 cm.
If we continue to burn coal, oil and gas, adding five trillion carbon into the atmosphere, the average temperature on our planet will reach 26, 6 degrees Celsius instead of the current 14, 4 degrees Celsius.
Melting ice on Earth
In Europe, cities such as London and Venice will be under water. Also flood the Netherlands and most of Denmark. Mediterranean expand and increase the size of the Black and Caspian Seas.
In Asia, China and Bangladesh will be flooded, and more than 760 million people will be under water. Among the ruined cities are Karachi, Baghdad, Dubai, Kolkata, Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Tokyo and Beijing. Coast of India is also substantially reduced.
In North America, all the Atlantic coast of the United States will disappear, along with Florida and the Gulf Coast. In California, the San Francisco hills turn into the island, and the Central Valley will be a huge gulf.
In South America, Paraguay and Amazon lowland basin will straits Atlantic wiped out in Buenos Aires, Uruguay and the coastal part of Paraguay.
When compared to other continents, Africa will lose less land due to sea level rise. However, an increase in temperature will lead to the fact that most of it will become uninhabitable. In Egypt, Alexandria and Cairo will be flooded by the Mediterranean Sea.
In Australia, will be the continental sea, but it will lose most of the narrow coastal strip, home to 4 of the 5 Australians.
In Antarctica that was once the land ice, will not be any ice or the mainland. This is because under the ice is mainland terrain, which is below the sea level.
It looks like Antarctica without ice?
The warming of the oceans is already leading to the melting of ice in West Antarctica, and since 1992, covering loses about 65 million tons of ice every year.