The last inhabited island Maryland

• The last inhabited island of Maryland

In the Chesapeake Bay off the coast of Maryland is a small island of Smith Island, which may soon disappear from the face of the earth as a result of climate change. Smith Island - the last inhabited island in the state of Maryland. Its residents, fishermen, who for centuries make their living catching oysters and blue crabs, still speak the Cornish dialect as their ancestors. Many islanders know their ancestry back to the 12th generation, to the first English colonists who settled here in the XVII century, but soon their relationship with the island can be stopped.

According to the scientists estimated that over 30-100 years the island will go under water. The water level in the Chesapeake Bay increased an average of two times faster than in the whole world. In addition, the soil along the coast of the Chesapeake Bay are subject to post-glacial rebound and subside. According to a study conducted on behalf of the Government, Maryland loses 105 hectares coastlines a year.

According to the report United States Army Corps of Engineers, over the past 150 years the island Smith Island lost 1,335 hectares of wetlands as a result of erosion and flooding. Many islanders moved to the mainland. The island's population has fallen from 700 in 1960 to 267 residents today.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Peacock, was brought to the island by Captain Larry Laird, sitting on the car of one of the locals on the pier in Taylerton 13 June.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Fisherman Billy Clayton gets network for catching crabs from the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay off the coast of the city on the island Taylerton Smith Island, June 12.

The last inhabited island Maryland

From the lively fishing village of 360 inhabitants on the island of Holland, Maryland, there are only a graveyard, July 27. Sea-level rise has forced the residents to leave the island even 100 years ago. Perhaps Smith Island island suffer the same fate.

The last inhabited island Maryland

caught blue crabs on board a fishing boat off the coast of Billy Clayton Smith Island Island.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Captain Terry Laird (right) and his son Terry Jr. floating on the stormy waters of the Chesapeake Bay from Ewell Smith Island in the island to the mainland city of Krisfild to sell soft-bodied crabs, June 14.

The last inhabited island Maryland

The fisherman Danny Tyler examines their crabs that have just molted and still soft to the touch, in Taylerton on the island of Smith Island, on 11 June. Soft-bodied crabs are especially prized chefs.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Peggy Evans (right) returned to work with his grandson Colby Evans before the storm Derech in Ewell Smith Island on the island on 13 August.

The last inhabited island Maryland

A man sits with a child, while women work in the bakery Smith Island Baking Company, which produces traditional Smith Island Cakes Island of ten cakes.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Louise Clayton, the wife of a fisherman Billy Clayton, separates the meat processed crab steam to cook the crab cake for his family in the town on the island Taylerton Smith Island, on 11 June.

The last inhabited island Maryland

The inhabitants of Smith Island island pray in the Methodist church during an annual religious gathering in Ewell, 28 July.

The last inhabited island Maryland

The children are on the road after a strong storm in the town on the island of Ewell Smith Island.

The last inhabited island Maryland

The children are preparing to dance on a street parade in the mainland city of Krisfild whose residents like to emphasize that, in their veins flows the blood of the islanders from Smith Island. Over the past 50 years, most of the inhabitants of Smith Island Island moved to the mainland.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Women cook traditional Smith Island Cakes Island of ten cakes in the bakery Smith Island Baking Company in Ewell, 13 June.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Storm Derech approaching the town on the island of Ewell Smith Island, on 13 June.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Barry Bruce (right) prays in the Methodist church during an annual religious gathering on the island of Smith Island, on July 28th.

The last inhabited island Maryland

A flash of lightning illuminates the sky above the temple of The United Methodist Church in Ewell, Maryland, on July 28th.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Storm Derech approaching the town on the island of Ewell Smith Island, on 13 June.

The last inhabited island Maryland

Chicks American brown pelican sitting in a nest in the swamp south of the city on the island Taylerton Smith Island, June 12.

The last inhabited island Maryland

The moon shines over the Chesapeake Bay for a boat dock on the island of Smith Island, June 12.