Russian Railway equipment at the Salon International Expo 1520
• Russian railway equipment at the Salon International Expo 1520
In Europe, trains people often commute to work in neighboring towns, there is a much easier car. The European train can meet successful businessman working at his laptop. Maybe someday this will be with us, as long as Russia's electric trains are, rather, poverty and hopelessness.
"EXPO 1520" - an international specialized salon of the latest achievements in the field of railways. Any technical exhibition of the most spectacular - is, of course, a demonstration program. It was attended by more than 40 units of various techniques, from oldest to newest locomotives locomotives.
The first took place largely legendary steam locomotive Ov (Lamb). This is one of the most popular pre-revolutionary Russian locomotives. Produced from 1901 to 1928. Wikipedia tells us that this locomotive with the number 324 is the only post-Soviet locomotive series O in the running state, it was released in 1905 on Nevsky Plant and is currently assigned to the locomotive depot St. Petersburg-sorting-Moscow (PM-7 ).
And today it is the oldest operating locomotive in Russia. This locomotive is often in films. Last steam engine of this type was decommissioned in 1964 Zabaykalksoy rail. I wonder how this instance was getting out of here, Peter?
The locomotive E is listed in the Guinness Book of Records for the number of issued units (about 11 thousand), and on the general issue of duration: it is available in different versions as much as 39 years, from 1912 till 1957. This copy is assigned to the same securities as the Petersburg previous Lamb.
The locomotive Series CO (Ordzhonikidze). Produced from 1934 to 1951. During the war, it was used extensively to provide front-line railways. In operation, in the territory of the former USSR remained 3 of the engine, two in the same securities as the previous ones, and one in Kiev:
The passenger steam locomotive series Su. Produced from 1924 to 1951 and was in operation until the 1960s. It developed on the basis of the engine C-Series, the best in the Russian Empire. It is considered the first locomotive developed after the revolution in the USSR. It is also considered one of the best steam locomotives in the world. In the operating state of conservation of 4 locomotive. This copy came from Rostov-on-Don:
The locomotive Series L. Produced from 1945, in 1955. Originally it called P. It is considered one of the best and massive Soviet locomotives. I could operate on all the railways of the USSR, for which he was awarded the Stalin Prize developers. Since this type of locomotives manufactured after the war and in large quantities, it has survived many work units, including the first produced a copy of the A-0001 (P-0001). Actively operated until the 1970s, and some of them are still in operation as a locomotive for retropoezdov. This copy is attributed to the Moscow depot "Moscow":
In the ring a ride in the cockpit of some officials. I tried to join them - did not work. I guess my face was not enough official for this:
to put a tick in the realization of this dream another time
The passenger locomotive P36 series. Produced from 1950 to 1956. Formally operated on the Trans-Baikal Railway until 1974, but in 1976 in the MPS Park there were still 247 of these locomotives. The locomotives of this type were the last produced in the USSR steam locomotive. A total of 251 units were produced. Aware of the 5 remaining operational steam locomotives of this type, including the very first instance. Moreover, the engine that you see in the pictures, until recently, stood as a monument to the depot. Ilyich at the Belarus railway station in Moscow, then was removed from the pedestal and restored to the running state:
Freight locomotive m. Produced from 1952 to 1956 and was the last freight locomotive produced in the USSR. Of 522 units were built. The numbers in the MPS Park until 1976. It is now known as a 5-preserved in the running state of the locomotives of this type. This copy has been renovated recently at the depot "Moscow":
VL22m. First Soviet high-volume constant electric current. It was built from 1946 to 1958. In total 1542 units were produced. In the 80s of the last century began to be actively removed from service. But somewhere in the cargo movement used until the mid-1990s. It is now known about the 12 units are still operated as shunting locomotives on the factory line. This copy is released in 1958 and assigned to VNIIZhT:
Electric overhead line were the most popular at domestic railways. Built in various types and versions from the 50s to the 90s of the last century. Externally, as you can see, in all this time did not differ much. It is still in use on most railways of the former USSR:
The locomotive TE3. Legend of the domestic locomotive building. Produced from 1953 to 1973.. It was designed to replace steam locomotives on the railways neelektrofitsirovannyh USSR. Actively removed from service in the 1980s and 1990s, but are still used on some railways of the former USSR, in the depot and industrial lines:
The shunting locomotive TEM1. Produced in the USSR from 1958 to 1968. He was heir TE1 which look very similar, and that in turn is a copy of postavlyavshagosya in the 40s years of the USSR RSD-1 American locomotive. Uninitiated viewer is unlikely to be able to distinguish them. Later TEM2 the same outward appearance is no different, and are still in operation on domestic railways:
Electric ChS2 (Cheburashka) DC. It was built at the factory Škoda (just think of the factory was then called "national enterprise Škoda them. Lenin," here's "Simply clever"!) In Czechoslovakia from 1958 to 1973. In various versions until 2007 it remained one of the main passenger locomotives on railways of Russia. In most of the Czech Republic in the same places still occurs. One of the advanced versions of this locomotive in February 1971 on the October Railway has a top speed of 220 km / h (now Peregrine barely reaches this speed on a small section of the road):
Electric chs4 AC. All produced in the same place, at Skoda in Czechoslovakia from 1963 to 1972. In this body made of fiberglass (!) Has been issued by 230 units, and was soon replaced by an updated version ChS4t. Part locomotives were overhauled and refitted with upgraded body change. In this original fiberglass body is currently chs4 not used in passenger traffic:
ChS4t. Updated and more mass series electric chs4. I think most have seen and remember him that way. From chs4 it is distinguished by the rheostatic brakes and a number of other updates. He produced in Czechoslovakia from 1971 to 1986. Still in operation in some areas of Russian Railways:
Electric locomotive driver ChS4t sends greetings to the readers:
Electric CHS200 was released by Skoda in the late 70s, in the amount of 12 units for the high-speed service on the October Railway. Structural locomotive speed is 220 km / h. It is maintained to this day on the Moscow-St Petersburg-Helsinki-Murmansk. In particular carries the train "Nevsky Express":
The locomotive M62, also known as "Masha". Produced from 1965 to 1994, when this was delivered to all the countries of the socialist camp. It is still in operation here and in the countries to which it was supplied:
Well, here today gone. Electric 2ES5K alternating current. Produced from 2004 to the present, it was designed to replace obsolete electric locomotives (see above.) On the lines of alternating current:
Electric 2ES10 constant current "Granite". It is considered one of the most powerful in Russia and Europe, two-section DC electric. Available since 2010. Jointly developed TMH, German Siemens and Sinara. Just to change the outdated locomotives VL11:
Experimental 2ES5 electric freight AC. Since 2011, the two units issued. Outwardly and on the internal device at 75% with the new passenger unified two-system electric locomotive EP20. Jointly developed by Transmashholding and the French company Alstom:
The new two-system passenger electric locomotive EP20. Available since 2011. Electric two-system will accelerate the passenger by reducing technical stoppages to change the locomotive at the junctions of portions of the variable and constant current. First of all, it is the direction of Moscow-Helsinki, Moscow-Adler, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, Kiev and others. Structural locomotive speed to 200 km / h:
Freight locomotives 2TE25A produced since 2006:
Trucks 2 and 3 sectional freight locomotives series 2TE116U and 3TE116U issued since 2007 (three-piece version from 2013), and is an improved version of the outdated Soviet 2TE116 which produced more in 1971:
Passenger locomotive TEP70 was developed in 1970. Modification TEP70BS produced since 2002, except for Railways comes as exported to countries of the former Soviet Union:
TEM14. New shunting locomotive dvuhdizelny. Available from 2011:
TEM9N, prototype shunting locomotive with an intelligent hybrid induction motor drive. The prototype was built in 2011:
"Gibridizatsitsiya" applies not only to cars:
The upgraded version of the old Czechoslovak CHME3 shunting locomotive. Vypukaet at the Yaroslavl plant since 2011:
A promising gas turbine GT1h. Released in 2007, only 2 experimental units. The most powerful gas turbine in the world, where in 2011, here on VNIIZhT ring was set a world record listed in the Guinness Book of Records: the locomotive driven train of 170 wagons with a total weight of 16 000 tonnes.
Gas turbine characterized by the presence of diesel instead of diesel engine gas turbine plant, the liquefied gas. One filling is enough for 750 kilometers. Thus locomotive speeds up to 100 km / h. It is planned to use these engines in the first place on the Siberian railway, which lacks both heavy loads and natural gas:
After the locomotives passed various special equipment, such as flaw detectors, relsoshlifovalschikov, smazyvateley, avtomotoriss and other devices.
This was an overview of the dynamic exposure International Salon "EXPO 1520".