European Southern Observatory
• The European Southern Observatory
High up in the mountains in the north of Chile, in the driest desert on Earth - the Atacama - located ESO. Established in 1962 with the aim of providing access to the southern sky to European astronomers were built telescopes are considered among the largest and most technically advanced in the world.
These places are ideal for astronomy - away from city lights, high above sea level and more than 350 cloudless days a year. In today's edition, we take a closer look with the European Southern Observatory and see some nice space images taken over the past few years.
from the VLT Laser (ang Very Large Telescope -. "Very Large Telescope") penetrates the dark Chilean skies to help astronomers study distant cosmos. VLT - a system of four 8.2-meter telescopes and four auxiliary 1.8-meter Observatory Paranal.
The residence of astronomers at the European Southern Observatory, September 15, 2008. Its large part is under the ground, in order to minimize the impact of artificial light on the night sky. Muzhdu way, this site shows in the James Bond film "Quantum of Solace".
Llano de Chajnantor Observatory. 5000 meters above sea level in the Chilean Andes. There is a construction of a new telescope. When it is completed in 2013, there will be a total of 66 such antennas.
The Helix Nebula - a planetary nebula in the constellation of Aquarius at a distance of 650 light-years away and spans a region of space in the 2, 5 light years. One of the closest planetary nebulae. It opened in 1824. Now, the Helix Nebula was only a white dwarf. The rate of expansion of the nebula is 31 km / s.
A globular cluster NGC 2257 in the constellation of Dorado has existed for billions of years. It is located on the outskirts of the Large Magellanic Cloud is a satellite galaxy of our Milky Way.
The Observatory Llano de Chajnantor. In the foreground - the 12-meter telescopes, the left in the photo is visible group of 7-meter telescopes. The bright point in the sky - it's actually the planet Jupiter.
obtained with telescopes image needs to be processed. This massive amounts of data! Here, in this room at the European Southern Observatory, is one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world: 134 million processors executing 17 quadrillion operations per second.
The Sombrero Galaxy - one of the most famous spiral galaxies. Located in the constellation of Virgo at a distance of 28 million light years from Earth. Very strong X-ray emission is caused by many astronomers, the presence of a black hole with the mass of a billion solar masses at the center of this galaxy.
Horsehead Nebula in Orion. One of the most famous nebulae, visible as a dark spot in the shape of a horse's head against a red glow.
Very Large Telescope VLT 4 billion times more sensitive than the naked eye! He was able to capture Hercules galaxy cluster, which is 500 million light-years from the constellation Hercules. This cluster is more than hundreds of galaxies.
Residence astronomers at the European Southern Observatory is under the ground. It even has its own swimming pool.
The place where in 2013 it is planned to complete the project called ALMA. There will be located one of the largest astronomical observatories, which will carry out observations in the millimeter and submillimeter range. ALMA is an international project, which involves the countries of Europe, Asia and North America in cooperation with the Republic of Chile.
The European Southern Observatory celebrities often visit. Here came here on a tour of the Prince of Asturias, Felipe and his wife - Her Royal Highness Princess Letizia Spanish, November 24, 2011.
The expansion of the universe leads to an increase in length of light waves from distant galaxies. This means that most of the light from the distant galaxies of the early universe, which are of particular interest to astronomers is shifted to longer wavelengths infrared. Therefore, the study of the evolution of these galaxies is simply impossible without infrared receivers.
This is just a new spectrograph "Very Large Telescope".
Tail of Comet McNaught against the backdrop of the telescopes of the European Southern Observatory. It is also known as the Great Comet of 2007. It is the brightest comet of the last 40 years.
Antennas ALMA - the largest astronomical observatory, October 1, 2011.
Cleaning the main 8.2-meter mirror telescope ALMA. The surface of the mirror so delicate that conventional cleaning products are not suitable. For cleaning using the "snow" of carbon dioxide. Tiny "snowflakes" are minus 80 degrees celsius temperature, when they come into contact with the mirror.
Photo taken with a shutter speed of 26 seconds, allowed to see the dome of the Very Large Telescope in motion.
Centaurus A (NGC 5128) - lenticular galaxy located in the constellation Centaurus. This is one of the brightest and closest to our neighboring galaxies, we shared "only" 12 million light-years
Recent observations at the European Southern Observatory have revealed an unusual spiral structure around R Sculptor - red giant star located in the constellation Sculptor at a distance of 1500 light years from Earth. This digital section 3D-imaging shell of gas and dust, located in the vicinity of the star.
Molecular Cloud Barnard 68 weight 1-3 sunny, located in 300-500 light-years from Earth. This is one of the closest to us of the dark clouds.
Atacama Desert - the driest desert of the Earth. On Mount Paranal visible telescopes of the European Southern Observatory.
High in the Chilean Andes, altitude - 5000 meters above sea level. Special truck transports one of the huge antennas largest astronomical observatory - ALMA. The photo was taken April 30, 2010, and it can be seen the snow - a very rare phenomenon these places. After all, the Atacama Desert, as we already know, it is considered the driest desert of the Earth.
Star tracks and a 3.6-meter telescope.
The Tarantula Nebula, owned satellite galaxy of the Milky Way - the Large Magellanic Cloud. In the center of the nebula is a small cluster of stars R136, their age is estimated at about two million years.
a barred spiral galaxy NGC 1365 in the constellation Fornax, at a distance of 60 million light years from Earth. At the core of the galaxy is a supermassive black hole.
Technical work on the 12-meter radio telescope.
As soon as the sun sets in the Chilean Atacama Desert, the Very Large Telescope VLT begins to catch the light from the most distant corners of the universe. On this photograph one of the mechanisms seen 4 8.2-meter telescopes VLT.
Reflection Nebula M 78 in the constellation of Orion, which opened in 1780.
black clouds shot Lupus 3, in which new stars are formed. Located 600 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius. Probably more than four billion years ago in a similar field of star and our Sun was born ...
This is an aerial view of the beautiful Chilean Atacama Desert. Right at the bottom, on the mountain visible antenna telescopes of the VLT.
Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the Moon. This was a virtual tour of the European Southern Observatory.