How do New Year's toys
• How to make a New Year's toys
At the Krasnoyarsk factory of Christmas decorations "Biryusinka" begins busy season - New Year is approaching, and accordingly, the demand for factory products. On "Biryusinka" toys make it practically hand - blown, burn, paint. Quality jewelry factory, founded in 1942, and are happy in the Kremlin - for many years the main tree of the country decorate it Biryusinsk toys.
Factory "Biryusinka" will appear in Krasnoyarsk in 1942. At the present time - is one of the leading companies in the industry, which produce a soft-stuffed toys, carnival costumes for children and adults, from PVC plastisol toys, glass Christmas decorations and toy-packaging for Christmas gifts.
The factory was established on the basis of the Kombinat Stalin District in 1942 and originally known as "child's play", then the "Siberian toy". In 1989 the factory became a closed joint-stock company "Krasnoyarsk Company Biryusinka". Beyond the Urals is the only factory of Christmas-tree toy.
But let's digress from the story and see how do Russian glass Christmas toys.
The glass Christmas toys in the factory are made by hand. This is a very time-consuming and hard work, but at the same time extremely exciting. Even the creation of unpretentious Christmas balls or figures need to invest a lot of effort. But first things first.
The first factory shop - hot shop. Here, in the noise and heat work female glassmakers blown through the burner and its mouth of the glass tube toy piece. As a result of the work of glass blowers give a clear tree shapes that are called funny - golo. Glassblower working day - 8 hours. During this time, each worker must produce 200-250 blanks depending on the shape of future toys. Workers of glassblowers get a bit - 10-15 thousand rubles a month. But it is in the last months before the New Year. The rest of the order quite a bit.
The complexity of the operation is glass blower manufacturing precision: ball diameter, for example, should be observed up to 1-2 millimeters. If you get a little crooked, the ball thrown. To become a good glass blower, you must be trained within six months and at least 2 years of work in the workplace.
From the hot shop preform metallization enter the shop. Metallization - this is the only automated process throughout production. In this workshop the glass beads are placed in large tanks. Next to them are hung aluminum wire. In a vacuum tank and subjected to high temperature aluminum thin film is deposited on the surface of glass beads. The process takes about a minute. Glass forms acquire gloss. Toys coated layer of aluminum fall within the paint shop. Here, every employee of a toy is dipped into the paint tank.
After the bath with toys put paint to dry.
After dry up their toys are collected in boxes and sent to the paint department.
In the shop paint artists paint the toys. Manually. As the guns they use a brush to dunk in the paint.
times on the ball can go a few hours or even a whole day, depending on the complexity of the design. Masters extremely lacking. This craft is not easy to learn.
In the tables you can meet artists gouache, acrylic paints and small beads, silver and golden powder.
Finished, painted toys are packaged and sent to the warehouse, and then to the shops, where they acquire Russian and foreign buyers.